General Social Survey (GSS), 1972-2012

Principal Investigator(s): National Opinion Research Center [NORC]

Source: ROPER
Source number:
EDS Study ID: 1051

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Study Description:

General Social Survey (GSS), 1972-2012

Principal Investigator(s): Davis, James A., Tom W. Smith, and Peter V. Marsden

Source: ROPER

Suggested Citation
Smith, Tom W, Peter Marsden, Michael Hout, and Jibum Kim. General Social Surveys, 1972-2012 [machine-readable data file] /Principal Investigator, Tom W. Smith; Co-Principal Investigator, Peter V. Marsden; Co-Principal Investigator, Michael Hout; Sponsored by National Science Foundation. --NORC ed.-- Chicago: National Opinion Research Center [producer]; Storrs, CT: The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, University of Connecticut [distributor], 2013.


Gender roles
Information Society
Knowledge about and attitudes towards science
Religious identity
Religious trends
Sexual behavior
Social Inequality
Workplace Violence
National Problems
Military Issues
Social Issues
Civic Obligations
Jewish Identity

Between 1972 and 2012 General Social Survey has been conducted 29 times. It gathers information on the demographic characteristics and attitudes of the U.S. residents. The survey is conducted by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago. It is freely available on the Internet. The survey has standard core questions plus selected special topics called "topical modules" appear in rotation. The version in the CU collection was obtained from the Roper Center for Public Opinion Research. The file obtained from Roper is the cumulative data file which merges all 30 General Social Surveys (1972-1978, 1980, 1982-94, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012) into a single file that contains 57,061 cases each with 5,548 variables. This arrangement of the data facilitates trend analysis on repeated questions over the 31-year period. To this we have created files for the individual years. The GSS2012 file has 1,974 cases.