Holdings Information for: RDS Study 1051

General Social Survey (GSS), 1972-2012


Gender roles


Information Society

Knowledge about and attitudes towards science

Religious identity

Religious trends

Sexual behavior

Social Inequality

Workplace Violence

National Problems

Military Issues

Social Issues


Civic Obligations

Jewish Identity

Between 1972 and 2012 General Social Survey has been conducted 29 times. It gathers information on the demographic characteristics and attitudes of the U.S. residents. The survey is conducted by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago. It is freely available on the Internet. The survey has standard core questions plus selected special topics called "topical modules" appear in rotation. The version in the CU collection was obtained from the Roper Center for Public Opinion Research. The file obtained from Roper is the cumulative data file which merges all 30 General Social Surveys (1972-1978, 1980, 1982-94, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012) into a single file that contains 57,061 cases each with 5,548 variables. This arrangement of the data facilitates trend analysis on repeated questions over the 31-year period. To this we have created files for the individual years. The GSS2012 file has 1,974 cases.

Suggested Citation:
Smith, Tom W, Peter Marsden, Michael Hout, and Jibum Kim. General Social Surveys, 1972-2012 [machine-readable data file] /Principal Investigator, Tom W. Smith; Co-Principal Investigator, Peter V. Marsden; Co-Principal Investigator, Michael Hout; Sponsored by National Science Foundation. --NORC ed.-- Chicago: National Opinion Research Center [producer]; Storrs, CT: The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, University of Connecticut [distributor], 2013.


Principal Investigator(s):
Davis, James A., Tom W. Smith, and Peter V. Marsden

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