THE RARE BOOK AND
MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY
OF COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

Treasures


100 Sigmund Freud 1856-1939
Massenpsychologie und Ich-Analyse
Manuscript, 104 p., [1919-1921]
Known in English as Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego, this treatise was written in the same burst of productivity in which Freud wrote The Ego and the Id and Beyond the Pleasure Principle. The bases for the work, conceived as "a simple idea that will serve as a psychoanalytic foundation for group psychology," were the author's vivid impressions of mob mentality and propaganda during the First World War. Freud describes the deterioration of standards of intellectual activity and the emergence of primitive loyalties during an individual's adherence to a group, and shows his distinct contempt for the masses. The psychoanalyst was later to criticize this book to his colleague Sandor Ferenczi as banal. This manuscript was presented to Otto Rank, who was at the time a member of the psychoanalytic "Inner Circle," shortly before Rank broke with Freud and his followers in the early 1920s.
Gift of Jessie Taft

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