THE RARE BOOK AND
MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY
OF COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

Treasures


3 Apokrimata
Greek manuscript on papyrus, 1 leaf, Alexandria, ca. March 14, 200 (Papyrus Columbia 123, Inv. 516)
Among the few papyri which preserve direct replies by a Roman emperor to petitions, the Apokrimata is a collection of thirteen decisions rendered in Egypt by Septimus Severus, Emperor of Rome (193-211). Apparently transcribed by a notary for his own use or for the use of an up-country judge or lawyer, the decisions deal with civil, criminal, and administrative laws and reflect the various legal systems simultaneously in effect in the province at the time; they add significantly to our knowledge of Roman law and its application to non-citizens within the Empire. In addition, the text incidentally helps fix the date of the visit of Severus to Egypt in the year 200 and establishes the presence of a Stoa in the Gymnasium at Alexandria which was prominently used in the time of Severus as a place for publication of edicts.
Various funds

Collections and Treasures