THE RARE BOOK AND
MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY
OF COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

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83 Don Carlos Buell 1818-1898
The Battle of Shiloh, or Pittsburg Landing
Manuscript. 37 p., [February 1865]
The Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee was the first major western engagement of the Civil War and a cornerstone in the Union's control of the Mississippi. Ultimately a Union victory, the two-day engagement began on April 6, 1862, with a devastating rout by the Confederates, and ended with heavy casualties on both sides. The Union's errors involved the ill-preparedness of Generals Ulysses S. Grant and William T. Sherman, and the late arrival of General Buell. A bitter dispute between Sherman and Buell was waged, among other places, in the press; the latter composed this account for the United States Service Magazine in response to a piece by Sherman. Buell's letter provides a detailed chronicle of the battle from his perspective, including a history of the movements of his troops, the Army of the Ohio, leading up to the engagement. The magazine ceased publication before Buell's letter could be printed, but a similar text appeared in The World on February 18, 1865.
Gift of Allan Nevins

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