David Freedberg

Pierre Matisse Professor of the History of Art and Director of The Italian Academy for
Advanced Studies in America

Selected Short Books for Download

Peter Paul Rubens. Oil Paintings and Oil Sketches. Catalogue with Essay of an Exhibition at the Gagosian Gallery, New York, 1995.

Joseph Kosuth: The Play of the Unmentionable, New York: The New Press, 1992.

Iconoclasts and their Motives (Second Horst Gerson Memorial Lecture, University of Groningen), Maarssen: Gary Schwartz, 1985 (reprinted in Public, Toronto, 1993).

Selected Articles for Download

David Freedberg, "Necesidad de la emoción. El Cristo muerto sostenido por un ángel de Antonello de Messina," in Los tesoros ocultos del Museo del Prado. Madrid, Prado, 2017: pp 123-150.

David Freedberg, "From Absorption to Judgment: Empathy in Aesthetic Response," in Empathy: Epistemic Problems and Cultural-Historical Perspectives of a Cross-Disciplinary Concept, eds. V. Lux and S. Weibel (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2017), pp. 139-180.

David Freedberg, "From Defamation to Mutilation: Reason of State and Gender Politics in South Africa," in Images of Shame: Infamy, Defamation and the Ethics of oeconomia, ed. Carolin Behrmann (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2016), 193-216.

David Freedberg, "The Fear of Art: How Censorship Becomes Iconoclasm," Social Research 83:1 (Spring 2016): 67-99.

Carmen Concerto, Carmenrita Infortuna, Ludovico Mineo, Manuel Pereira, David Freedberg, Eileen Chusid, Eugenio Aguglia, and Fortunato Battaglia, "Observation of implied motion in a work of art modulates cortical connectivity and plasticity," Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation 12:5 (2016): 417-423.

Concerto, C., Infortuna, C., Sawah, M., Freedberg, D. Chusid, E., Aguaglia, E, Battaglia, F.,  “Neural Circuits Underlying Motor Facilitation during Observation of Implied Motion”, Somatosensory and Motor Research, September 30 2015, 1-4.

Kirk, U. and Freedberg, D.   “Contextual bias and insulation against bias during aesthetic rating.  The roles of VMPFC and DLPFC in neural valuation”,  in Huston, J.P., Nadal, M., Mora, F.,  Agnati, L.,  and Cela Conde, C.J., Art, Aesthetics and the Brain, Oxford University Press, 2015, 158-173.

Feelings on Faces. From Physiognomics to Neuroscience”, in Rüdiger Campe and Julia Weber, eds.,  Rethinking Emotion.  Interiority and Exteriority in Premodern, Modern, and Contemporary Thought (Interdisciplinary German Cultural Studies, Volume 15, eds. Scott Denham, Irene Kacandas and Jonathan Petropoulos), Berlin-Boston: De Gruyter, pp. 289-324.

"Drei Episoden ohne Aby", Zeitschrift für Ideengeschichte, August 2014, pp. 97-104.

"Zu den Märtyrerbildern Antwerpens im späten 16. Jahrhundert", in Carolin Behrmann and Elisabeth Priedl (Hg.) eds., Autopsia: Blut-und Augenzeugen - Extreme Bilder des christlichen Martyriums, München: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 2014, pp. 181-211.

"Dürer's Limbs", in: S. Buck and S. Porras, The Young Dürer. Drawing the Figure. London: Courtauld Gallery/Paul Holberton, 2013, pp. 37-56.

"Pathos en Oraibi: lo que Warburg no vio", in: David Freedberg, Las máscaras de Aby Warburg, ed. Luis Vives-Ferrándiz Sánchez, transl. Marta Piñol Lloret, Barcelona: Sans Soleil, 2013, pp. 45-82.

Sbriscia-Fioretti, B., Berchio, C., Freedberg, D., Gallese, V., Umiltà, M.A., "ERP Modulation during Observation of Abstract Paintings by Franz Kline", PLoS ONE 8 (10), October 2013.

Freedberg, D., "Art after Iconoclasm: Painting in the Netherlands between 1566 and 1585," in Art after Iconoclasm: Painting in the Netherlands between 1566 and 1585, ed. K. Jonckheere and R. Suykerbuyk (Turnhout: Brepols, 2012), 21-49.

Umilta, M. A, Berchio, C., Sestito, M., Freedberg, D., Gallese, V., "Abstract Art and Cortical Motor Activation: An EEG Study",  Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2012, 6, 1-9.

Freedberg, D., "The Case of the Spear", Art South Africa, 11, 1, September 2012, pp. 36-41.

Massaro, D., Savazzi, F., Di Dio, C., Freedberg, D., Gallese, V.,  Gilli, G., Marchetti, A.  “When Art Moves the Eyes: A Behavioral and Eye-Tracking Study", PloS ONE 7 (5), May 2012.

Battaglia, F., Lisanby, S.H. and Freedberg, D., "Corticomotor Facilitation during Observation and Imagination of a Work of Art", Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2011, 5, 1-6.

"Memory in Art: History and the Neuroscience of Response", in: S. Nalbantian, P.M. Matthews and J.L. McClelland eds., The Memory Process: Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives, Cambridge (MA): MIT Press, 2011, pp. 337-358.

"Movement, Embodiment, Emotion", in: Th. Dufrenne and A.-C. Taylor, eds., Cannibalismes Disciplinaires, Quand l'histoire de l'art et l'anthropologie se rencontrent, Paris: INHA/Musée du quai Branly, pp. 37-61.

"Immagini e risposta emotiva: la prospettiva neuroscientifica", in: Anna Ottani Cavina, ed. Prospettiva Zeri, Turin: Umberto Allemandi & C., 2009, pp. 85-105.

"Los Retratos de Van Dyck en el Prado: las connexiones espanoles y flamencas", in: La Senda Espanola de los Artistas Flamencas, Fundacion Amigos del Museo del Prado Madrid: Galaxia Gutenberg, 2009, pp. 287-306.

"Choirs of Praise: Some Aspects of Action Understanding in Fifteenth Century Painting and Sculpture," in D. Levine and J. Freiberg, eds., Medieval Renaisance Baroque: a Cat's Cradle for Marilyn Aronberg Lavin, New York: Italica Press, 2009, pp. 65-81.

"Antropologia e storia dell'arte: la fine delle discipline?", Ricerche di Storia dell'arte, 94, 2008, pp. 5-18.

"Empathy, Motion and Emotion", in K. Herding and A. Krause Wahl, eds., Wie sich Gefühle Ausdruck verschaffen: Emotionen in Nahsicht, Berlin: Driesen, 2007, pp. 17-51.

Gallese, V. and Freedberg, D., "Mirror and canonical neurons are crucial elements in esthetic response", Trends Cogn. Sci. (2007)

Casati, R. and Pignocchi, A., "Mirror and canonical neurons are not constitutive of aesthetic response", Trends Cogn. Sci. (2007)

Freedberg, D. and Gallese, V. 2007. "Motion, Emotion and Empathy in Aesthetic Experience", Trends in Cognitive Science, May 2007, Vol. 11, No. 5, pp. 197-203.

"Empatia, movimento ed emozione", in: G. Lucignani and A. Pinotti, eds., Immagini della Mente. Neuroscienze, arte, filosofia, Milan: Cortina, 2007, pp. 13-68.

"Why Connoisseurship Matters", in: Katlijne van Stighelen, ed., Munuscula Discipulorum: Essays in Honour of Hans Vlieghe, Turnhout: Brepols, 2006.

"Composition and Emotion" in Mark Turner, ed., The Artful Mind, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006, pp. 73-89.

"Warburg's Mask: A Study in Idolatry", in: Mariet Westerman, ed. Anthropologies of Art, Williamstown: Clark Institute, 2005, pp. 3-25.

"Pathos at Oraibi: What Warburg did not see" (Original text for "Pathos a Oraibi: Ciò che Warburg non vide", as below)

"Pathos a Oraibi: Ciò che Warburg non vide", in: Claudia Cieri Via and Pietro Montani, eds., Lo Sguardo di Giano, Aby Warburg fra tempo e memoria, Turin: Nino Aragno, 2004, pp. 569-611.

"La 'Danza de aldeanos' de Rubens en el Prado", in Historias Mortales. La vida cotidiana en el arte, Madrid, Prado, 2004, pp. 128-142.

"Damnatio Memoriae: Why Mobs Pull Down Statues". The Wall Street Journal, April 16, 2003, p. D 10.

David Freedberg, "Apolo, David, santa Cecilia: música y pintura en algunas obras de Poussin en el Prado," in Historias Inmortales. Madrid, Prado, 2002: pp 239-260.

"The Power of Wood and Stone" (on Taliban destruction of art), The Washington Post, Outlook, Sunday, March 25, 2001, p. B2.

"Del nominare i fiori: Ferrari, Poussin e la storia della storia naturale", in Luciano Morbiato, ed., Quaderno di dieci anni, Gruppo Giardino Storico dell'Università di Padova, Padua: Università degli Studi, 2000, pp. 57-84.

"Les Images dans les Rêves", in Olivier Christin and Dario Gamboni, eds., Crises de l'image religieuse/Krisen religiöser Kunst, Paris: éditions de la Maison des sciences de l'homme, 1999, pp. 33-53.

"De l'effet de la musique, aux effets de l'image; ou pourquoi les affetti ne sont pas les modes", in Le Tasse, Actes du Colloque....au Musée du Louvre....13-14 novembre, 1996, Paris: La documentation Française, 1999, pp. 311-338.

"Iconography between the History of Art and the History of Science: Art, Science and the Case of the Urban Bee", in Peter Galison and Caroline Jones, eds., Picturing Science Producing Art, London: Routledge, 1998, pp. 272-296.

"Rubens and Titian: Art and Politics", in: [Cat. Exhib.], Titian and Rubens: Power, Politics, and Style, Boston: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, 1998, pp. 29-66.

"Poussin, Ferrari, Cortone et l'Aetas Florea", in Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665). Actes du Colloque Poussin au Musée du Louvre....19-21 octobre 1994, ed. A. Mérot, Paris: La documentation Française, 1996, I, pp. 337-362.

"Ferrari and the Pregnant Lemons of Pietrasanta", in: Il Giardino delle Esperidi. Gliagrumi nella storia, nella letteratura e nell'arte, eds. A. Tagliolini e M. Azzi Visentini, Florence: Edifir, 1996, pp. 41-58.

"Holy Images and Other Images", in: The Art of Interpreting (Papers in Art History from the The Pennsylvania State University), Ed. Susan C. Scott, University Park (Pennsylvania): The Pennsylvania State University, 1996, pp. 68-87.

"Iconoclasm and Idolatry", in A Companion to Aesthetics, edited by David E. Cooper. Blackwell Publishing, 1995.

"Poussin et Sienne", Catalogue Exposition Nicolas Poussin, ed. Pierre Rosenberg et. al., Musée du Louvre, Paris, 1994, pp. 62-68.

"The Failure of Colour", in Sight and Insight. Essays on Art and Culture in honour of E.H.Gombrich, ed. John Onians, London: Phaidon, 1994, pp. 245-262.

"Van Dyck and Virginio Cesarini: A Contribution to the Study of Van Dyck's Roman Sojourns", Studies in the History of Art, 46, Van Dyck 350, ed. Susan J. Barnes and Arthur K. Wheelock, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1994, pp. 152-174.

"Imitation and its Discontents", in Künstlerischer Austausch/Artistic Exchange. Akten des XVIII. Internationalen Kongresses für Kunstgeschichte. Berlin, 1992, ed. Thos. W. Gaehtgens, Berlin, 1993, pp. 483-491.

"Painting and the Counter Reformation in the Age of Rubens", in [Cat. Exhib.], The Age of Rubens, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1993, pp. 131-146.

"Cassiano and the Art of Natural History", in [Cat. Exhib.], The Paper Museum of Cassiano dal Pozzo, The British Museum, London, 1993, pp. 141-154.

"Kunst und Gegenreformation in den südlichen Niederlanden, 1560-1660", in: Von Bruegel bis Rubens. Das goldene Jahrhundert der flämischen Malerei, Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz-Museum/Vienna, Kunst-historisches Museum/Antwerp, Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, 1992-1993, pp. 55-71.

"Censorship Revisited", Res, 21, 1992, pp. 5-11.

"Ferrari on the Classification of Oranges and Lemons", in Documentary Culture. Florence and Rome from Grand-Duke Ferdinand I to Pope Alexander VII. Papers from a Colloquium held at the Villa Spelman, Florence, 1990 (Villa Spelman Colloquia, 3), ed. E. Cropper, G. Perini, and F. Solinas, Bologna, 1992, pp. 287-306.

"Cassiano on the Jewish Races of Rome", Quaderni Puteani, 3, II, 1992, pp. 41-56.

"Science, Commerce and Art: Neglected Topics at the junction of History and Art History", in D. Freedberg and J. de Vries, eds., Art in History, History in Art. Studies in Seventeenth Century Dutch Culture, The Getty Center: Los Angeles, 1991.

"Cassiano dal Pozzo, Natural Historian", and "Cassiano dal Pozzo's Drawings of Citrus Fruits", in: Il Museo Cartaceo di Cassiano dal Pozzo. Cassiano Naturalista, Quaderni Puteani, I, 1989, pp. 10-36.

"From Hebrew and Gardens to Oranges and Lemons: Giovanni Battista Ferrari and Cassiano dal Pozzo" in: Cassiano dal Pozzo: Atti del Seminario Internazionale di Studi, ed. F. Solinas, Rome: De Luca, 1989, pp. 37-72.

“Allusion and Topicality in the Work of Pieter Bruegel the Elder: The Implications of a Forgotten Polemic.” In The Prints of Pieter Bruegel the Elder, edited by David Freedberg, 53-65. Tokyo: Tokyo Shimbun, 1989. 

"The Problem of Classicism: Ideology and Power", Art Journal, XLVII, No. 1, 1988, pp. 1-6. Introductory Essay to this volume of the Art Journal devoted to The Problem of Classicism, ed. David Freedberg.

"Art and Iconoclasm, 1525-1580. The Case of the North Netherlands" / "De Kunst en de Beeldenstorm, 1525-1580. De Noordelijke Nederlanden", Introductory essay in [Cat. Exhib.], Kunst voor de Beeldenstorm. Noordnederlandse Kunst 1525-1580, ed. J.P. Filedt Kok et al., Amsterdam: Rijksmuseum, 1986, pp. 69-84.

"Paintings or Prints? Experiens Sillemans and the Origins of the Dutch Grisaille Sea-Piece: Notes on a Rediscovered Technique", Print Quarterly, I, 1984, pp. 149-168 (with A. Burnstock and A. Phenix).

"Fame, Convention and Insight: On the Relevance of Fornenberg and Gerbier", The Ringling Museum of Art Journal, (Papers presented at the International Rubens Symposium, 1982), Sarasota: The Ringling Museum, 1983, pp.236-259.

"Prints and the Status of Images in Flanders", in: H. Zerner, ed., Le Stampe e la diffusione delle Immagini e degli Stili (Atti del XXIV Congresso Internazionale di Storia dell'Arte, 1979, vol. VIII), Bologna, 1983, pp. 39-54.

"The Hidden God: Image and Interdiction in the Netherlands in the Sixteenth Century", Art History, V, 1982, pp. 133-153 (translated into Japanese, in Studies in Western Art, 2001).

"The Origins and Development of the Flemish Madonnas in Flower Garlands: Decoration and Devotion", Münchner Jahrbuch der Bildenden Kunst, XXXII, 1981, pp. 115-150.

"A Source for Rubens's Modello of the Assumption and Coronation of the Virgin in Leningrad: A Case Study in the Response to Images", Burlington Magazine, CXX, 1978, pp. 432-441.

"Rubens as a Painter of Epitaphs, 1612-1618", Gentse Bijdragen tot de Kunstgeschiedenis, XXIV, 1976-78, pp. 51-71.

"The Structure of Byzantine and European Iconoclasm", in: A. Bryer and J. Herrin, eds., Iconoclasm, Birmingham, 1977, pp. 165-177.

"The Problem of Images in Northern Europe and its Repercussions in the Netherlands", Hafnia. Copenhagen Papers in the History of Art (Proceedings of the 7th International Colloquium in the History of Art), 1976, pp. 25-45.

"The Representation of Martyrdoms during the Early Counter-Reformation in Antwerp", Burlington Magazine, CXVIII, 1976, pp. 128-138.

"Johannes Molanus on Provocative Paintings", Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, XXXIV, 1971, pp. 229-245.

Selected Book Prefaces for Download

The Power of Images: Studies in the History and Theory of Response, 1989.
Preface to the French edition (1998)
Preface to the Polish edition (2007)
Preface to the Second Italian edition (2009)

Selected Review for Download

J.A. Emmens, Verzameld Werk, 4 vols., 1979-81, in: Simiolus, XIII, 1983, pp. 142-146.

Selected Interviews for Download

[Interview by Dionigi Mattia Gagliardi]. “Il diologo possibile tra arte e neuroscienze.” Nodes 9-10 (2017): 30-39.

Bruni, Domenica. "Intervista a David Freedberg", Rivista per la Formazione, Tendenze - Pratiche - Strumenti 87 (2011) 81-86.

[Interview by Alessia Cervini]. “La natura delle emozioni.” Fata morgana: Quadrimestrale di cinema e visioni IV, no. 12 (2010): 7-19.