Archival Footage

Government Documents


Video Lectures


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Malcolm X's relation to the Civil Rights Movement.

The debate on Dr. King's nonviolence strategy.

Malcolm X's commitment to the struggle of his people.

The eulogy at Malcolm X's funeral.

The black community's feelings and thoughts concering Malcolm X.

The meaning of "Black shining prince."

The goals of Malcolm X.

Malcolm X and the United Nations.

The plans for Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. to meet.

The FBI was likely aware of the implications of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. working together.

Davis recalls sensing that Malcolm X felt forces beyond the Nation of Islam were against him.

Malcolm X's anger towards the Nation of Islam.

On Malcolm's "blue-eyed devil" and economic theories.

On the murder of LA mosque leader Ronald Stokes.

Davis gives his opinion on the assassination of Malcolm X.

When Malcolm X might have started to have doubts about his loyalty to Elijah Muhammad.

On his feeling on Malcolm X not rejoining the Nation of Islam.

Ossie Davis

Abdullah Abdur-RaazaqThe acclaimed actor, playwright, and activist Ossie Davis (1917-2005) first met Malcolm X following a live performance of Purlie Victorious at the Congress of Racial Equality in 1961. There, Malcolm X visited Davis and his wife, the actress Ruby Dee, backstage; Davis remembers him saying that "Black folks laughing at White folks was revolutionary--the highest kind of struggle he could imagine." In addition to his acting career, Davis was a champion of the civil rights movement. In August 1964, Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee organized a summit for prominent black leaders, including Malcolm X, which drafted a proposed "Declaration of Human Rights for Black Americans." Davis delivered Malcolm X's eulogy, in which he declared Malcolm X to be Harlem's "own black shining prince." Davis and his wife were deemed "national treasures" when they were awarded the National Medal of Arts, in 1995. They have also received the Life Achievement Award (2000) and the Silver Circle Award (1994).

The Malcolm X Project at Columbia University home