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Malcolm X’s views on gender.

Malcolm X's changing attitude toward women after going to Mecca.

The types of protection of women, and its limits within a nationalist discourse.

Malcolm X's notions of black female beauty.

Earl and Louise Little in the Autobiography.

Malcolm X and Betty Shabazz's relationship

Malcolm's views of women in and out of the NOI.

Malcolm X's relationship with his mother.

The Nation of Islam's teachings and attitudes toward black beauty.

Malcolm X's attitude about his own skin color.

Farah Griffin

Farah GriffinFarah Jasmine Griffin is Professor of English and Comparative Literature at Columbia University. She received her B.A. from Harvard (1985) and her Ph.D. from Yale (1992). Professor Griffin’s major fields of interest are African American literature, music, history and politics. The recipient of numerous honors and awards for her teaching and scholarship, in 1996-97 Professor Griffin was a fellow at the Bunting Institute of Radcliffe College. She is the author of Who Set You Flowin'?: The African American Migration Narrative (Oxford University Press, 1995), the co-editor (with Cheryl Fish) of Stranger in the Village: Two Centuries of African American Travel Writing (Beacon, 1998), and the editor of Beloved Sisters and Loving Friends: Letters from Addie Brown and Rebecca Primus (Knopf, 1999). Her most recent book, If You Can't Be Free Be A Mystery: In Search of Billie Holiday, was published in 2001 by the Free Press.

The Malcolm X Project at Columbia University home