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The Imperial Self in American LifeStephen J. Whitfield

From Columbia Journal of American Studies Vol. 4, No. 1 2000


1. James Parton, Life of Andrew Jackson (New York: Mason Brothers, 1861), III, p. 683; John William Ward, Andrew Jackson: Symbol for an Age (New York: Oxford University Press, 1962), pp. 165, 258.

2. Quoted in Sarah Gertrude Millin, Rhodes (London: Chatto &: Windus, 1933), p. 138.

2. Quoted in Harold Livesay, Samuel Gompers and Organized Labor in America (Boston: Little, Brown, 1978), p. 85.

4. Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France (Garden City, NY.: Doubleday Dolphin, 1961), pp. 109-11; Letter to James Madison, 6 September 1789, in The Portable Thomas Jefferson, ed. Merrill D. Peterson (New York: Viking, 1975), p. 445; Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, ed. Phillips Bradley, abr. Thomas Bender (New York: Modern Library, 1981), pp. 396, 397.

5. Ibid., pp. 524-29.

6. Letter to Madame la Comtesse de Grancey, 10 October 1831, quoted in James T. Schleifer, The Making of Tocqueville's Democracy in America (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1980), p. 43.

7. Benjamin Franklin, "Information to Those Who Would Remove to America" (1782), in The Political Thought of Benjamin Franklin, ed. Ralph Ketcham (Indianapolis: Bobbs Merrill, 1965), p. 337.

8. Tocqueville, Democracy in America, pp. 395,431; Yehoshua Arieli, Individualism and Nationalism in American Ideology (Baltimore Penguin, 1966), pp. 190-94.

9. George W. Pierson, "The M-Factor in American History" (1962), in The Character of Americans: A Book of Readings, ed. Michael McGiffert (Homewood, Il: Dorsey, 1964), pp. 118-30.

10. David M. Potter, People of Plenty: Economic Abundance and the American Character (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1954), p 94.

11. Stephan Thernstrom, The Other Bostonians: Poverty and Progress in the American Metropolis, 1880-1970 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1973), pp. 222-8; Henry David Thoreau, Walden and Other Writings, ed Brooks Atkinson (New York: Modern Library, 1992), p. 4.

12. Quoted in A Treasury of American Folklore, ed. BA Botkin (New York: Crown, 1944), p. 276; Frederick Jackson Turner, "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" (1894), in Frontier and Section: Selected Essays, ed. Ray Allen Billington Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1961), p 61.

13. Ray Allen Billington, Westward Expansion: A History of the American Frontier, 2nd. Ed. (New York: Macmillan, 1960), pp. 669-70.

14. First Inaugural Address, 4 March 1913, in The Political Thought of Woodrow Wilson, ed. E. David Cronon (Indianapolis: BobbsMerrill, 1965), p. 198.

15. F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby (New York: Scribner's, 1925), p. 111.

16. Quoted in Robert C. Twombly, Frank Lloyd Wright: An Interpretive Biography (New York: Harper &: Row, 1973), p. 205.

17. Herman Melville, Redburn, White Jacket, Moby Dick (New York: Library of America, 1983) pp. 967, 991, 1018, 1254; Leo Marx, The Machine in the Garden. Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America (NY: Oxford University Press, 1964), pp. 286-302.

18. Leonard W. Levy, The Law of the Commonwealth and Chief Justice Shaw (New York: Harper &: Row, 1967), pp. 222-4,305-12.

19. William C. Wiecek, Liberty under Law: The Supreme Court in American Life (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988), pp. 444-6, 606-3.

20. Ibid. pp. 115-20, 176.

21. Gertrude Stein, The Geographical History of America (New York: Random House, 1936) p. 53; Daniel J. Boorstin, The Americans: The National Experience (New York: Vintage, 1965), pp. 929-6.

22. Ibid. pp 97-112.

23. Emma Rothschild, Paradise Lost: The Decline of the AutoIndustrial Age (New York: Vintage, 1974) p. 203; Susan Faludi, Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women (New York: Crown, 1991), p. 24.

24. Keith Sward, The Legend of Henry Ford (New York: Atheneum, 1972), pp. 15-16, 32-40,42-43.

25. Kenneth Galbraith, The Liberal Hour (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1960), pp. 141-65.

26. Quoted in Harold C. Schonberg, "Natural American, Natural Rebel, Natural AvantGarde," New York Times Magazine, 21 April 1974, p. 78, and in Rosalie Sandra Perry, Charles Ives and the American Mind (Cleveland: Kent State University Press, 1974), p. 13; Vivian Perlis, Charles Ives Remembered: An Oral History (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1974), p. 117.

27. Quoted in Meryle Secrest, Frank Lloyd Wright (NY: HarperCollins, 1992), p. 376.

28. Twombly, Frank Lloyd Wright, pp. 258, 261.

29. Quoted in Brock Brower, "Always the Challenger," Life, 59 (24 September 1965), p.106.

30. Brad Darrach, Bobby Fischer vs. the Rest of the World (NY: Stein & Day, 1974), pp. 49-56.

31. Quoted in W A. Swanberg, Citizen Hearst (New York: Bantam, 1963), p. 127.

32. Quoted in Sydney E. Ahlstrom, A Religious History of the American People (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1972), p. 3.

33. Quoted in Phyllis Theroux, "No Place Like Home," New York Times Magazine, 20 October 1991, p. 25; Swanberg, Citizen Hearst, pp. 53543, 55155; Ambrose Bierce, "A ThumbNail Sketch," in The Collected Works of Ambrose Bierce, XII (New York: Neale, 1912), pp. 314-15.

34. Quoted in Martin Blumenson, Patton: The Man Behind the Legend, 1885-1945 (New York: Morrow, 1985), p. 121.

35. Quoted in Twombly, Frank Lloyd Wright, pp. 250-51.

36. Quoted in Martin Blumenson, The Patton Papers, 1940-1945 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1974), pp. 300,427, in idem., Patton, pp. 64, 76,86,127, and in Lance Morrow, "Gorgeous George," Time, 104 (28 October 1974), p. 96; Blumenson, The Patton Papers, 1885-1940 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1972), pp. 161, 331-38.

37. Quoted in Hearts and Minds, directed by Peter Davis (1975).

38. Frances FitzGerald, Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam (New York: Vintage, 1973), pp. 1011, 30; Stephen E. Ambrose and Douglas G. Brinkley, Rise to Globalism: American Foreign Policy since 1938, 8th rev. ed. (New York: Penguin, 1997), p. 37.

Stephen J. Whitfield holds the Max Richter Chair in American Civilization at Brandeis University. He is the author of eight books, including most recently A Death in the Delta: The Story of Emmett Till (1988), The Culture of the Cold War (1996), and In Search of American Jewish Culture (1999). Professor Whitfield is also the editor of A Companion to 20th-Century America (2004).

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