Revisiting Slave Religion: Opiate or Exodus?Ben Wright
 Harriet Jacobs, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, ed. Jean Fagan Yellin (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000), 22.
 Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written by Himself. William L. Andrews and William S. McFeely, eds. (New York: 1997), 75.
 C.L.R. James, The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution, (New York, 1963), 86-89.
 Frederick Douglass, My Bondage and My Freedom, ed. John David Smith (New York: Penguin, 2003), 175-176.
Ben Wright is an M.A. candidate in American Studies at Columbia University in the City of New York.