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Ralph H. Holloway

Title Professor
Affiliation/Department Department of Anthropology, Columbia University  
Telephone: (212) 854-4570
Professional degree Ph.D., Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley, 1964
Research Keywords Evolution of the brain and behavior, comparative primate psychology and aggression, ethology, evolutionary biology, paleoneurology, hominid paleontology, neural biological variability, sexual dimorphism, and allometry
Research Description Dr. Holloway is studying the brain endocasts of fossil hominids to better understand how the human brain evolved, and is simultaneously reviewing ape brain endocast morphology and variation to understand brain evolution. Dr. Holloway also performs biostereometric analysis of the brain as well as studies, cerebral asymmetry, lateralization, and cognition.
Representative Publications

Recent Books

2009 Holloway, Ralph L., Sherwood, Chet C., Hof, Patrick R. and Rilling, James K., Evolution of the Brain: In Humans--Paleoneurology. The New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, in Springer.

2009 Holloway, Ralph L., Sherwood, Chet C., Hof, Patrick R. and Rilling, James K, Evolution of the Brain: In Humans--Specializations in a Comparative Perspective. The New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, in Springer.

2009 Holloway, Ralph L. Brain Fossils: Endocasts. In: Squire LR (ed.) Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, volume 2, pp. 353-361. Oxford: Academic Press.

2004 Holloway, Ralph L., Yuan, M. S., and Broadfield, D.C.The Human Fossil Record: Brain Endocasts: The Paleoneurological Evidence. New York. John Wiley & Sons Publishers.*won the 2005 Association of American Publishers Award for Outstanding Achievement in Professional and Scholarly Publishing

Recent Articles

2008 Holloway, Ralph L. "The Human Brain Evolving: A Personal Retrospective." Annual Review of Anthropology 37.1 (2008): 1-19.

2007 Schoenemann, P. Thomas, et al. "Validation of Plaster Endocast Morphology through 3D CT Image Analysis" s Annual Review of Anthropology. (37.1 (1-19).

2005 Holloway, R.L., et al."Planum Parietale of Chimpanzees and Orangutans: A Comparative Resonance of Human-Like Planum Temporale Asymmetry." The Anatomical Record Part A: Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular, and Evolutionary Biology. 287A.1 (1128-41).

2004 Holloway, R.L., et al."Posterior Lunate Sulcus in Australopithecus Africanus: Was Dart Right?" Comptes Rendus PALEVOL 3.4 (287-93)

2003 Holloway, R.L., Broadfield, D.C., Yuan, M.S."Morphology and Histology of Chimpanzee Primary Visual Striate Cortex Indicate That Brain Reorganization Predated Brain Expansion in Early Hominid Evolution. Anatomical Record: 237 A. 594-602.

2002 Holloway, R.L, Yuan, M.S, Broadfield, DeGusta,D, Richards, GD, Silvers, A.,Shapiro, JS, White, TD."The Missing Omo L-338y-6 Occipital Marginal Sinus Drainage Pattern: Ground Sectioning , CT Scanning, and the Original Fossil Fail to Show It." Anatomical Record 266: 249-257.

2002 Holloway, R.L, "Brief Communication: How Much Larger Is the Relative Volume of Area 10 of the Prefrontal Cortex in Humans?" American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 118.4.

2002 Holloway, R.L. Commentary: Head to head with Boas: Did he err on the plasticity of head form? Vol. 99 No. 23.

2001 Holloway, R.L., Broadfield, D.C., and Yuan, M.S. Revisiting Australopithecine visual striate cortex: newer data from chimpanzee and human brains suggest it could have been reduced during Australopithecine times. In D. Falk and K. Gibbon (eds.), Evolutionary Anatomy of the Primate Cerebral Cortex. Cambridge University Press, pps. 177-186.

2001 Holloway, R.L., "Does Allometry Mask Important Brain Structure Residuals Relevant to Species-Specific Behavioral Evolution?" Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24.2: 286.

See complete list of publications here:

Future Research Neural variation in Apes and Humans.  
Other Areas of Interest Currently studying sexual dimorphism in human corpus callosum; chimpanzee brain symmetries.