Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences records, 1927-1934
The Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences originated as a jointly sponsored project of ten leading American scholarly associations
in the field of social science. (They are: the American Anthropological Association, the American Association of Social Workers,
the American Economic Association, the American Historical Association, the American Political Science Association, the American
Psychological Association, the American Sociological Society, the American Statistical Association, the Association of American
Law Schools, and the National Education Association.) This intent was to construct a comprehensive synthesis of the knowledge
provided by different disciplines, in such a way that their differing perspectives would shed light on the common problems
of the social sciences. The enterprise was placed under Edwin R.A. Seligman as editor-in-chief; Alvin Johnson was named associate
editor. Financial support was obtained from the Rockefeller, Carnegie, and Russell Sage Foundations, and the Macmillan Company
was enlisted as publisher. Having Already a broad base of support in the American intellectual community, in 1972 Seligman
went abroad to meet with the leading European scholars, and met with an enthusiastic reception. The procedure worked out for
the organization and composition of the Encyclopaedia was as follows. Lists of possible topics were widely circulated for
comment and criticism, then responsibility for individual articles carefully assigned to authorities in each field. Translation
or Englishing, if needed, fact checking, and bibliographical checking of completed articles were all preformed by the editorial
staff in new York, and any doubtful points as we al editorial revisions were referred back to the original author. The editorial
staff also did final proofreading of the typeset galleys. The 15 individual volumes were published between 1930 and 1935.
Scope and Contents
Correspondence; original manuscripts, translations and drafts of articles: organizational files and business records. Widely
supported by the American European Intellectual communities, correspondents and contributors include Ruth Benedict, Franz
Boas, Max Eastman, Felix Frankfurter, Carl J. Friedrich, Louis R. Gottschalk, Melville J. Herskovitz, Granville Hicks, Sidney
Hook, John Maynard Keyes, Kenneth S. Latourette, Max Lerner, Bronislaw Malinowski, Karl Manheim, Margaret Mead, Paul Miliukov,
Lewis Mumford, Joseph Needham, Frederick Law Olmstead, Henri Pirenne, Roscoe Pound, Edward Sapir, and Arthur M. Schlesinger.
Note, however, that many of the more famous authors wrote only one article for the encyclopaedia, and their correspondence
files are accordingly small.