Archival Collections
Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Henry Ford Peace Expedition Collection, 1913-1924 bulk 1915-1916 

Creator: 
Henry Ford Peace Expedition (Date of meeting or treaty signing: (1915-1916).).
Phys. Desc: 
.42 linear feet (1 document box)
Call Number: 
MS#0441
Location: 
Rare Book & Manuscript Library
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Online information

Biographical Note

The purpose of the Henry Ford Peace Expedition was to call a conference of delegates from non-combatant countries during World War I. In the winter of 1915-1916, the Ford Peace Expedition carried a delegation of Americans to Norway, Sweden, and Holland to meet with fellow European pacifists. Henry Ford hosted the "Peace Ship" which served as both a vehicle for travel and for collaboration amongst its passengers. During the months prior to the expedition, Hungarian feminist and pacifist Rosika Schwimmer encouraged Ford to commission the expedition. On December 4th, 1915, Henry Ford and members of the peace voyage boarded Oscar II, also known as the Peace Ship, in Hoboken, New Jersey for the expedition. The delegates for the peace expedition traveled first to Christiania (present day Oslo), Norway, and later met with fellow pacifists in Sweden and Holland. In February, 1916, members of the neutral nations from Europe met with the Ford party in Stockholm, Sweden, to form the Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation. The expedition returned from Europe in February of 1916, but work within the Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation continued until the end of that year. Among many active figures that influenced the expedition were Rosika Schwimmer, Ellen Key, and Louis P. Lochner.

Scope and Contents

This collection of printed materials and photographs was assembled by Mary Alden Hopkins, a member of the Expedition, in 1952. The content primarily spans the time period just before, during, and after the expedition between the winter of 1915 and 1916. The collection centers on Hopkins' personal accounts of the expedition, biographical pamphlets, and passenger lists. Official statements issued by Louis P. Lochner, General Secretary of The Neutral Conference for Continuous Mediation, at Stockholm, are also included herein. Additionally, a letter from Lochner with the "Appeal to Neutrals" the Neutral Conference's manifesto, is located in this collection. Several issues of Four Lights, a magazine published by the Women's Peace Party of New York City, are included along with various newspaper clippings pertaining both to the expedition and to the war in general. The photographs in this collection are both unidentified and undated, but certainly describe the social and political activities that took place during the expedition.