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Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Li Zongren papers, 1944-1951 

Creator: 
Li, Zongren, 1891-1969
Phys. Desc: 
0.4 Linear Feet (1 box)
Call Number: 
MS#0779
Location: 
Rare Book & Manuscript Library
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Biographical Note

Li Zongren (pinyin: Li, Zongren; Wade-Giles: Li, Tsung-jen; Chinese: 李宗仁; courtesy name: Delin 德鄰) was born in Guilin, Guangxi province, 1890. He was a prominent Guangxi warlord and participated in the Northern Expedition, Sino-Japanese War, and the Chinese Civil War. He became the Vice-President in 1948 and later the Acting President of the Republic of China in 1949. He left China and moved to the US in 1950. In 1965, he decided to return to China with his wife Guo Dejie, where he died in 1969. Gan Jiehou (pinyin: Gan, Jiehou; Wade Giles: Kan, Chieh-Hou; Chinese: 甘介侯) was born in Jiangsu, 1897. He graduated from Harvard University, 1926. He was a politician and a scholar. He came to the U.S. as Li Zongren's private secretariat representative and arranged Li's meetings with American officials during the transition period. He died in New York, 1984.

Scope and Contents

The Li Zongren papers consist of materials on the life and political career of Li Zongren dating from 1944-1951. The materials were given to the Chinese oral history project during the oral history interview with Li Zongren. The papers primarily documented the period when Li was the Acting President of the Republic of China from 1949 to 1951 in the U.S. urging for assistance to stabilize the internal conflicts in China. The Li Zongren papers consist of correspondence, a codebook, and documents from 1944 to 1951 in English, photographs and portraits. The correspondence from/to Li Zongren and his personal secretary, Gan Jiehou (Kan, Chieh-Hou, 甘介侯) and the related documents focus on the 1949 to 1951 transition period, Li's effort in urging US assistance in the political situation within China, as well as his opposition to Chiang Kai-shek. Correspondents include Dean Acheson, Philip C. Jessup, George C. Marshall, Dean Rusk, and Stuart Symington. Another highlight of the papers is the one-of-a-kind Chinese codebook customized and utilized by the KMT for confidential communication.