Li Zongren papers, 1944-1951
Li Zongren (pinyin: Li, Zongren; Wade-Giles: Li, Tsung-jen; Chinese: 李宗仁; courtesy name: Delin 德鄰) was born in Guilin, Guangxi
province, 1890. He was a prominent Guangxi warlord and participated in the Northern Expedition, Sino-Japanese War, and the
Chinese Civil War. He became the Vice-President in 1948 and later the Acting President of the Republic of China in 1949. He
left China and moved to the US in 1950. In 1965, he decided to return to China with his wife Guo Dejie, where he died in 1969.
Gan Jiehou (pinyin: Gan, Jiehou; Wade Giles: Kan, Chieh-Hou; Chinese: 甘介侯) was born in Jiangsu, 1897. He graduated from Harvard
University, 1926. He was a politician and a scholar. He came to the U.S. as Li Zongren's private secretariat representative
and arranged Li's meetings with American officials during the transition period. He died in New York, 1984.
Scope and Contents
The Li Zongren papers consist of materials on the life and political career of Li Zongren dating from 1944-1951. The materials
were given to the Chinese oral history project during the oral history interview with Li Zongren. The papers primarily documented
the period when Li was the Acting President of the Republic of China from 1949 to 1951 in the U.S. urging for assistance to
stabilize the internal conflicts in China. The Li Zongren papers consist of correspondence, a codebook, and documents from
1944 to 1951 in English, photographs and portraits. The correspondence from/to Li Zongren and his personal secretary, Gan
Jiehou (Kan, Chieh-Hou, 甘介侯) and the related documents focus on the 1949 to 1951 transition period, Li's effort in urging
US assistance in the political situation within China, as well as his opposition to Chiang Kai-shek. Correspondents include
Dean Acheson, Philip C. Jessup, George C. Marshall, Dean Rusk, and Stuart Symington. Another highlight of the papers is the
one-of-a-kind Chinese codebook customized and utilized by the KMT for confidential communication.