Cambodia witness exhibit / : / curated by Joan Libby for Amnesty International (USA), 1981-1987
|Hawk, David R.
|1 Linear Foot Photographs (1 Linear Foot Photographs 52 Map and 1 Files in 2 Oversized Boxes; Text Panels in)
|Rare Book & Manuscript Library
|View CLIO Record and Request Material >>
Amnesty International (AI), a non-governmental organization (NGO), was founded in 1961 to campaign for internationally recognized
human rights. In its early years, the main focus of AI's campaigns was to free prisoners of conscience. Within a short time,
its mandate expanded to include campaigning for prompt and fair trails for all political prisoners, to end extrajudicial executions
and disappearances, and to abolish the death penalty, torture and other cruel treatment or punishment. The organization also
works to bring perpetrators of these abuses to justice in accordance with international standards. Amnesty International of
the USA, Inc. (AIUSA) is the United States section of Amnesty International. AIUSA was incorporated in 1966. The section is
governed by a Board of Directors. The work of the section is carried out through the national office, regional offices, networks,
country specialists (co-groups), student groups and local groups. The photographs for the Cambodia Witness Exhibit were taken
by David Hawk during two trips to Cambodia in March 1981 and April 1982. Hawk had worked on Cambodian relief and refugee issues
while based in Bangkok, Thailand during 1980-1981. Hawk later became the Director of the Cambodian Documentation Commission
in the mid-1980s and directed the Cambodia Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights in the 1990s. He has also
been involved in other human rights issues. The Cambodia Witness Exhibit was organized and sponsored by Amnesty International
USA, of which David Hawk is a former executive director (1974-1978), and was first shown in Washington D.C. in April 1983.
Scope and Contents
The bulk of the collection consists of both black & white and color photographs used in the Cambodia Witness Exhibit (1983).
The first series contains two paper files of material related to the exhibit. The first file contains the exhibit brochure
and the catalog list of exhibit materials. The catalog list includes a number, title and caption for all exhibit items, except
for three "optional" photographs of executed prisoners and a map of Cambodia. The second file contains documentation on the
exhibit kept by its coordinator, Joan Libby. Other files on the Cambodia Witness Exhibit may be found in other record groups
of the archives of Amnesty International of the USA, Inc. The second series contains the exhibit material. The photographs
are filed using the titles, numbers and original order described by the exhibit's catalog list. The three "optional" exhibit
photographs and the map are filed last. The photographs document several subjects: Tuol Sleng (Images of the interior and
exterior of the prison); prisoners (Images of entry photographs and of executed prisoners taken from existing records in Cambodia);
survivors (Images include surviving prisoners, Buddhist monks and nuns, and Cham, an ethnic minority); mass graves and memorials
(Images of sites at Cheung Ek, Tonle Bati, Ta Mon, and Siem Reap); and destroyed religious buildings (Images are predominantly
of destroyed Buddhist temples. There is one image of the site of a destroyed Catholic cathedral). The exhibit text panels
will be scanned and copies included in the collection for use and reference.