Archival Collections
Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library

Louis L. and Nettie S. Horch Papers, 1920s-1960s 

Creator: 
Horch, Louis L,
Phys. Desc: 
3 document boxes
Location: 
Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library
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Online information

Biographical Note

Mr. and Mrs. Horch financed and directed the Master Institute of United Arts, a New York City-based insitution that taught the fine and dramatic arts that was founded by Nicholas Roerich in 1921. For much of its existence, the Master Institute was housed in the Master Apartments, designed by Harvery Wiley Corbett in 1929 for Roerich and built on the site of the former Horch mansion at 310 Riverside Dr. in New York City. After ligitgation in 1938, the Horches took ownership of the building. They were also closely associated with the Bloomingdale Neighborhood Conservation Association, an cooperative partnership between the City of New York and private citizens to improve the housing and social conditions of residents of the Bloomingdale neighborhood in New York City.

Scope and Contents

This collection includes office papers and reference papers related to the professional and civic activities of Louis L. and Nettie S. Horch, the Master Institute of United Arts, the Master Apartments, and the Bloomingdale Neighborhood Conservation Association. This collection includes office papers and reference papers related to the professional and civic activities of Louis L. and Nettie S. Horch, the Master Institute of United Arts, the Master Apartments, and the Bloomingdale Neighborhood Conservation Association. Additionally, the collection includes documentation regarding the Master Building, which housed the Master Institute of United Art, the Master Apartment Hotel, and the Riverside Museum (formerly known as the Roerich Museum), as well as many of the Horchs’ Harlem redevelopment projects. Seeing as Louis and Nettie Horch were instrumental in many redevelopment and conservation projects in Harlem, their papers shed light on the Morningside Heights of the 1950s and 1960s. Series I: Master Institute of United Art documents the institution founded by Nicholas Roerich, and run by Louis and Nettie Horch. Includes charters, correspondence, financial documents, deeds, permits, and the lease. Series II: Master Apartment Hotel documents the apartments and hotel located in the Master Building, including correspondence, floor plans, financial documents, inventories, and rent rolls. Series III: Master Building is made up of documentation regarding the building, including mortgages, deeds, blueprints, and appraisals. Also includes legal documentation from The Master Operating Corp. Series IV: Bloomingdale Neighborhood Conservation Association is made up of records regarding a cooperative partnership between residents of Morningside Heights and the City of New York. Includes, but is not limited to: correspondence, reports, meeting minutes, newsletters, flyers, and publicity materials. Series V: Riverside Museum also formerly known as the Roerich Museum, this series contains documentation of the museum located in the Master Building, including catalogs, information regarding the Roerich Museum Apartments, Certificate of name change, deeds, and the litigation that allowed the Horchs to take over the building. Series VI: Adele Levy Memorial Park consists of documentation regarding a failed effort to open a playground in Riverside Park. Includes committee meetings, correspondence, and publications. Series VII: Westside Urban Renewal Area includes correspondence, meeting minutes, and publicity materials. Series VIII: Other Projects contains documentation regarding other Harlem redevelopment projects the Horchs were not instrumental in. Series IX: Personal Papers includes receipts and bills, correspondence, including letters from Mayor Robert F. Wagner and the Riverside Democrats. Series X: Newspaper Clippings contains numerous articles relating to Harlem neighborhoods and buildings.