Stokes, I. N. Phelps The iconography of Manhattan Island 1498-1909 (v. 5)

(New York :  Robert H. Dodd,  1915-1928.)

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CHRONOLOGY : THE RECONSTRUCTION PERIOD : 1783-1812     1261
 

1790   standings in the markets, reports as follows: It is the opinion of the
Jan.   committee that "tbe Butchers will be greatiy accommodated, by

29 being permitted to slaughter at their own Houses, subject to such
'^Regulations as tbe Corporation raay establish; whereby the Expense
of keeping a public Slaughter House wiU hereafter be saved;" also
"tbat tbe present Slaughter House should be let out for the space
of one Year after tbe expiration of the present Lease, free of any
charge ot Repair to the Corporation, for the purpose of accorarao¬
dating such Butchers as may not be iraraediatdy prorided with
private Slaughter Houses & allowing thera time to erect the sarae;"
that one single rate of fees tor each market be established—40s.
per month in the Fly Market, 30s. in the Oswego Market, and 15s.
in tbe Eichange, Peck's Slip, and new markets,—with assessors
appointed by the butchers themsdves; the derk of the markets to
collect these assessments on the last Saturday in each month, and
pay the amounts collected into the bands of the city chamberlain.
By thia method, an annual income ot £1,555 ^o"''' be raised,
"attended with littie trouble k Expence in the collection k less
liable to the inconveniences k impositions to whicb the present
Mode is exposed." It is ordered that the derk prepare an ordinance
to carry the report into effect.—M. C, C. (1784-1831), I: 5i7-'9-
Such ordinance waa adopted on Feb, 19,^—Ibid., I: 525. This was
repealed on March 26, and a more effective ordinance passed.—
Ibid., 1:  534.

"          The "storing the Lamp Oil in Cask" bring "subject to great

waste from leakage," the coraraon councU appoints a committee to
report "a proper place for the erection of a Cistern,"—M, C, C.
(1784-1831), I: 519. On Feb. 26, the committee reported theu-
opinion tbat "a House of 36 teet by 24 built of Brick & covered
with Pantile with a Cellar at the one end & a Cistern or Cisterns at
the other to contain fifty barrds That the Floor over the Ciatero
be made tight k descending from all sides towarda the center over
the Cisterns to receive the leakage of what may he stored in Cask,
be erected in the yard behind the Bridewell," Tbey estimated the
expense ot erecting such house at not raore than £150. The report
waa agreed to by the board.—Ibid., I: 526. On March 19, the board
ordered that the committee "who reported on the Oil Store" be
directed to cause it to be erected immediately,—Ibid., 1: 532.
On March 26, £100 waa advanced to the committee.—Ibid., I;
535,   Final payment ot £i88;i9;5 was made on Sept. 17 (q.v.).

"          The common council ordera a payraent ot a biU tor £11 "for

Repaira to the Court Room in the Exchange,"—M. C. C. (1784-
1831), I:  520. Thia waa doubtiess in preparation tor its occupation
by the supreme court.—See F I.
Feb.         The first session of the supreme court of the United States is

I convened, A news report of the event, published next day, stated:
"The Suprerae Court Of the United States, convened yesterday
[Feb. i) in this city; but a sufficient nuraber of the Judges not being
present to form a quorum, the same was adjourned till this day
(Feb. 2J one o'dock. The Hon. John Jay, Chief Justice of the
United States, The Hon, Williara Cushing, and The Hon. Jaraes
Wilson, Assistant Justices, appeared on the bench. John M'Kesson
Esq. acted as Clerk. The Court Room at the Exchange was un¬
commonly crouded,—The Chief Justice and other Judges of the
Suprerae Court of thia atate; the Federal Judge for the District of
New-York; the Mayor and Recorder of New-York; the Marshal
of the diatrict of New-York; the Sheriff, and many other officers,
and a great number of the gentiemen of the bar attended on the
occasion."-Da/Vy Adv., F 2, 1790; Gaz. of the U. S., F 3, 6, and
10, 1790. See alao Carson, Hist, of the Supreme Cl. of tke U. S.
(1902).  For the act establishing the federal courts, see S 24, 1789,

"          Washington writes:   "Agreed on Saturday last to take Mr,

McCombs' [Macorab's] house, latdy occupied by the Minister of
France, for one year frora and after the first day of May nest."^
Diary of Washinffon (ed. by Lossing), 86; and see 87. For an
account ot the Macomb property, see descrip. of Pl. 56, I; 422;
and "Bunker's Mansion House" In L. M. R. K., IH; 977.

"          The announcement is published that Mr. TrurabuU, who has

latdy returned frora Europe, "proposes to describe, in a series of
Paintings, the raost reraarkable Events of the late .American Revo¬
lution, He has in conteraplatlon the foUowing subjects, viz, i.
The Death of Warren at the Battie of Bunker's HiU. 2, The Death
ot Montgoraery in the Attack ot Quebec. 3. Tbe Congress ot 1776,
in the Dedaration of Independence. 4. The Surrender of the
Hesaians at Trenton. 5. The Death of Mercer at tbe Batde ot
Princeton.   6. The Surrender ot Burgoyne at Saratoga.   7. The
 

Treaty with France.   8. The Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at   Feb.
York-Town.  9, The Signing the Treaty of Peace.  10. The Evacu-      i
ariou ot New-York by the British in 1783,   II. Tbe Resignation ot
General Washington.   12. The President recdved by tbe Ladies
of Trenton at the Triumphal Arch.   13. The Inauguration ot the
President.

"The Portraits of the prindpal Actors in theae great acenes wIU
be preserved, and Prints wiU be published of the whole. The two
first ot these Subjects are finished, and the Painringa in the hands
of eminent Engravers in Europe. Four others are commenced,
some of which are halt completed. These, with the remainder
. . , will require many years of application , . . We understand
tbat the Engrarings are to he published In numbers, containing
two each. The price wiU be three guineas tor every print."—N. Y.
Mag., Ja, 1790, pp. 63-64.

The expenses of the almshouse tor the last quarter amount to     "
£1,799:17:2^, and those ot the bridewdl to £236:0:1.   The esti¬
mated amounts needed tor the next quarter are £1,400 for the
almshouse aod £100 for the bridewell.—M. C. C. (1784-1831), I:

"The Federal Court for the district of New-York will be opened     2
this day in the Consistory room opposite the Dutch Church In
Garden-street."—Daily Adv., F 2, 1790. This was the first session
of this court, which was one ot those established under the act of
S 24, 1789 (q. v.).

Known as the "United States District Court," for the district
of New York, it is opened by Jaraes Duane, the judge ot the court.
The first grand jury, having been summoned, ia preaent, and Judge
Duane addresses them at length, beginning: "Gentlemen of the
Grand Jury, In a charge to the first Grand Inquest convened for
this District, I tread an unbeaten path. We are now become era-
pharicaUy a nation. A new Constitution pervades the United
States, . , ."—Daily Adv., F ^, 17^0. On Feb. 4, when the dia¬
trict court met again, the grand jury presented an address to Judge
Duane expressing thanks for the judge's charge, "in which the
nature ot our duty, and the judicial system ot tbe United States
are described in the dearest manner, and recommended by tbe
raost cogent reasons. .   .  ."—Ibid., F 5, 1790.

"Roae HiU," a farm ot 92 acres on the Eaat River, "three miles "
from this city," is advertised for sale. There Is "an elegant dwdling
house, of 50 by 37 feet, a comraodious farm-house of 50 by 20 teet,
an excdlent barn with carriage bouses and stables, 80 by 40^ feet.
. . ."—Daily Adv., F 2, 1790, Rose Hill was the country seat of
John Watts prior to the Revolution. It covered 25 blocks of what
became afterwards the Eighteenth Ward of the city.—Man. Com.
Coun. (1856), 465. SeealsoL, M. R. K., Ill: 951. See, further, S,
1790; Ja 31, 1811.

Washington records;  "Visited the apartments in the house of     3
Mf McComb's [Macomb]—made  a  disposition  ot  the rooras—
fixed on some furniture ot the Minister's (which was to be aold, and
was weU adapted to particular public rooms)—and directed addi¬
tional stables to be built-"-—Waskingon's Diary (Losaing ed.), 87,

After the removal ot the federal government to Philaddphia,
Washington wrote to hia aecretary, Tobias Lear, on Nov. 14:
"... When all is done that can be done, the residence [sdected
for him in that city] wiU not be so commodious as the house I left
in New York, tor there (and the want of it wiU be found a real in¬
convenience at Mr. Morris's), my office was in a tront room below,
where persons on business were at once admitted; whereas now
they wiU have to ascend two pairs of stairs, and to pass by the pubUc
rooms to go to it. Notwithstanding which, I ara willing to allow
as much as was paid to Mr. Macomb, and sbaU say nothing if more
is deraanded, unless there is apparent extortion, or the policy of
dday is to see to what height rents wiU rise before raine is fixed.
.   .  ,"—-Uaw. Com, Coan, (1855), 583.

In response to the assembly's action of Jan. 14 (q. v.), a bill Is 4
introduced entitied "An act for securing and improring certain
lands in the dty ot New-York, tor public uses,"—Assemb. Jour.
(1790), 27. After much discussion and araendraent in both tbe
asserably and the senate, the bO! becarae a law on March 16 (q. v.).
For ita history during its passage through the two houses, see
Assemb. Jour. (1790), 49, 50, 63-64, 74, 75-76; Senate Jour. (1790),
29,30, 31,32, 33,38; Ruthertard, Family Rec& Events, 144; Daily
Adv., Mr 4,1790; N. Y. Daily Gaz., Mr 4,1790; N. Y. Jour., Mr 11,
1790.   See also F 19.

An advertisement offers for sale "That corner house which     C
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