Stokes, I. N. Phelps The iconography of Manhattan Island 1498-1909 (v. 6)

(New York :  Robert H. Dodd,  1915-1928.)



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1794    The Picture ofN. Y, (1807). This Is an error. The date of erection

—   is corrected in the Item of Aug. 18, 1774, supra.
Apr.         The name ot Little Queen St. is changed to Cedar St.—W.C.C,

21 (1784-1831), U: 73. See also L M. R. K., HI: 1004. The state¬
ment is erroneous (Vol. I, p. 388) that Queen St. suffered this change

July         The first quarterly meeting of the Typographical Society is

3 called for "Saturday evening next aC M^ Stillwell's near the ferry
stairs. Fly Market."—N. Y, Diary, Jl 3, 1794. Enough has been
gleaned about the affairs of this society to warrant the statement
that "the scale of prices was under consideration repeatedly, the
outgrowth of which agitation was an increase of wages to 61 per
day for the working printers in the city."—Bulletin of the Bureau of
Labor, No. 61, Nov. 1905, 863; SCevcns,N. Y. Typographical Union
Na. 6 (1913), 36.


Mar.         Carpenters and masons of Che city "have combined and raised

30 their wages two shillings a day beyond the price of the last season"
declares a contributor to the Daily Adv., who Is displeased with the
attitude of the um'ons of these mechanics to better themselves. He
anticipates that "an acquiescence on the part of the citizens on this
occasion will in all probability not only excite similar attempts
among all other descriptions of persons who live by manual labor,
but Induce reiterated efforts to increase their wages at seasons when
they find their services most wanCcd—that a trifling addition to their
former wages may by some be deemed proper will not be disputed,
but when a combination is formed to extort an unreasonable
advance, every man will deem it an imposition and set his face
against the measure."—N. Y. Daily Adv., Mr 30, 1795.

July         During the first three years that John Jay was governor (prob-

I ably beginning on or about this day, when he took the oath of
office—see Vol. V, p. 1322) he occupied the government house.—
City Directories, 1795, 1796, 1797; Corresp. and Pub. Papers of John
Jay, IV: 208. Jay was the last governor to live in the government
bouse, because during bis term the state capital was moved per-
manentiy to Alhany (see Voh V, under N II and 26, 1796; Ja 3 and
Mr 10, 1797), and the government house was then leased as a
tavern (see VoL V, under Ap 5, My 2 and 5, 1798). The building
had previously heen occupied by Gov. Chnton (see supra, Mr i,


In the description of Pl. 56, Vol. I (the view of "New York"
from the west, with frigate in the left foreground), It is stated
that "Neither the author nor the engraver of the print is known,
nor has it proved possible definitely to determine either the exact
date depicted or the place ot publication." After a very careful and
thorough examination of the more important landmarks shown In
the view, and a comparative study ot contemporary events relating
Co the topography of the city, and also contemporary naval archi¬
tecture to identify Che frigate it possible. It was concluded that
"the drawing was made after 179'," and the "Dale depicted" was
set down by the author as "Probably 1796 or 1797."—See VoL I,
pages 418-29.

Rccenriy there has come to light in the archives of the N, Y.
Hist, Soc. a manuscript describing an Impression of the plate owned
by that society, and which places the date "abouC Che year 1793
or 1794." It attributes the drawing Co "A. Robinson the Drawing
Master." The names of Archibald and Alexander Robertson are
among those mentioned by Mr. Stokes among artists of the time
who might have made the drawing. Archibald Robertson adver¬
tised, on OcC. 8, 1791 (j.f.), "Painting and Drawing. At the
Columbia Academy, No. 89, William-street, New-York." Just a
year later (q.v.), the names of both brothers are attached to a
similar notice. To aid in determining which of these drawing-
masters was the "Robinson" referred to In the manuscript, the
reader may be aided by Letters and Papers of Andrew Robertson,
A.M. .   .  ., ed. by Emily Robertson (London, 11895]).

The text of the manuscript referred to follows:
"Reference^ as Numbered on the Drawing

"N°. 80 A view of New York by A. Robinson as It was about the
Year 1893 [sic] or 1794 from the Harbour

"N", 80 A view of New York by A. Robinson as it was about the
year 1793 or 1794 from the Harbor in the Hudson River when the
French Republican fleet lay here

"ist in the foreground is the 74 Gun Ship of the line the Jupiter    1796

at that time there was also the Didon 74.  There was also 6 or 8   —

other but Smaller ones the Concord a Frigette 32, the Serfe a 24

and others, the Ambuscade a 32 Gun Friget Did not bdong to chis

fleeCbut was here some time before and lay in tho East river beCween

old FlymarkeC and the. Brooklin ferry warfe The Ambuscade was

Che Frinch Ship that whiped the British Ship Boston

"jd an U. States Revenue cutter is seen cummlng round  the BaC-

Cery from Che EasC river

"3" The old flag SCaf with the Stars and Stripes flighing from It

the old Tower ic stood In which aC a distance looked like a hugh

Hackensack Churn of them days

"4th   The old Government house and all the houses that then

stood in State Street

"5'h The Battery Prominade as It was then

"fith  The old Madara nut tree on the side fence ot Marketfidd

Street near whare a pump of good water once was.

"7th is the corner of Broadway & marketfidd Street—at that Cor

stands an old brick house which was Occupied during the war that

gave us Independance by our Enemies this was the head Quarters

of Gen' Lord How Gen' Clinton.   Lord Cornwailce and others.

This I had from a housekeeper of Lord Howe who with her husband

went back to England then came to our Country again and said

there was no place like America after all and spent there days here

"S'l' Is a view of the rear of the houses in Broadway

"g^h these high brick buildings you see stood above Bever Lane

now Morris Street and was known as BrockholsC Livingtons house.

These ware the first brick houses of the modern  stile which I

"joth 35 Seen tlirough the rlglng of Ship is Trinity Church seen
from the rear This seen [scene] I Can remember perfectly wdl. In
my boy days we used to go to Bediows Island in the afternoon If
the tide  Served                              fill a boat with oysters In an

afternoon and on return take a view of our City home It Is Said
that A. Robinson the Drawing Master Drew this View I had tt Gave
to me by John Mansel Bradhurst"

The author of the foregoing manuscript was Issachar Cozzens,
whose MS. was presented to the Society in i860.

In this year was published in New York a work on aeronautics —
entided The Principles, History, & Use, of Air-Balloons. Also, a
Prospectus of Messrs. Blanchard& Baker's Intended Aerial Voyage
from the City af New-York. Ncrw York: Printed by C. C. Van Alen
for J. Fellows, 1796. This octavo pamphlet of 46 pp. has the follow¬
ing parts:—"History of Air Balloons;" "Sketch of Mr. Blanchard's
Voyage at Philadelphia [see 1793];" "Experience with the Para¬
chute;" "List of Aerial Voyages by Mr. Blanchard;" "Prospectus
of the Intended Voyage to be made from the City of New York
during the month of August by Mr. Blanchard, and Mr. Gardiner
Baker, Proprietor ot the Tammany Museum in the City of New
York" (see The Minerva, Ag 20, 1796); "Plan of the Voyage, Mr.
Baker to accompany Blanchard . , .;" "Letter of George Wash¬
ington Co Mr. Blanchard, Philadelphia 1793 [j.f.]." A copy of the
pamphlet, which is noC in Sabin, was sold with the Dormitzer col¬
lection (item No. 203), at the Am. Art Galleries, Jan. 30, 1925,

The first number of The Register of ihe Times, A Gazette for the   June
Country, a weekly paper, makes Its appearance in New York,  It     3
ran to June 9, 1797. The only known file of this paper is in the ar¬
chives of the N. y. H. S., having been recently acquired by pur¬
chase.  It Is not mentioned by Brlgham or other newspaper bib¬

"Bradley's Map of the United States, exhibiting post-roads and Sept.
distances," engraved by W. Harrison, which accompanies the 26
printed list ot post-offices reproduced on Pl. 57, VoL V (q. v.), was
prepared by Abraham Bradley, Jr. It was "Deposited as the Act
directs September 26tl> 1796." The place ot publication is not given.
Its full title is "Map of the United States, Exhibiting the Post-
Roads, the situations, connections Sc distances of the Post-Offices,
Stage Roads, Counties, Ports of Entry and Ddivery for Fordgn
Vessds, and the Principal Rivers." It comprehends the country
east of the Mississippi River, except the southern half of Florida.
Georgia was a vast territory Inhabited largely by Indian tribes;
the Gulf States had not yet come into being, and the North Western
Territory comprised all that section ot the country above the Ohio
River as far north as the Canadian border. Other contemporary
details of the map are interesting, especially when considered in.
ith wdl-defined routes for the post-riders.
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