Rawlinson, H. G. Intercourse between India and the western world from the earliest times to the fall of Rome

(Cambridge :  University Press,  1916.)



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'ndta and the Roman Empire     119

(Tagara), Sopara, Paithan and Kalyan, these
being supplied with goods from the central part
of India by the great high road running through
Daulatabad to Hyderabad. Kalyan and Sopara,
the chief harbours in the days of " the elder
Saraganus" (probably Arishta Sdtakarni), had,
since the accession of the weak king Sandanes
(Sundara Sdtakarni), been blockaded by the men-
of-war from the rival port of Broach, who towed
vessels off to their own harbour and made them
unload there ! Here we have another interesting
side-light on contemporary Indian history.

The remaining ports of the Deccan were :

(i) Mandagora, probably Bankot.

(ii) Palaipatmai, probably Dhabol or Paripatana.
(iii) Melizigara, probably Jaigad.
(iv) Byzantium, probably Vizadrog^.

(v) Togarum,  probably  Devgad.
(vi) Auranoboas or Tyrannoboas, probably Aran-
yavaha or Mai van.

Also the following islands :

(i) Sesikrienae, probably Vengurla.
(ii) Aegidii, probably Angidiva or Goa.
(iii) Kaenitae, probably Karwad.

1 This was not a Byzantine colony ! The Greeks always
transliterated a Hindu name so as to be as like as possible
to some well-known Greek word. We do the same, e.g.
Hobson-Jobson and many other ludicrous instances. The
Apollo Bunder at Bombay is the Pdlvd Bandar, for instance.
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