Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 1)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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44                         ALBERUNPS INDIA.

in the exercise of their various functions, and which
dwells in the heart.    Therefore they call it manas.

Karmendri- XXI.-XXV. The animal nature is rendered perfect
by five necessary functions, which they call karmendri-

Page 22. ydni, i.e. the senses of action. The former senses bring
about learning and knowledge, the latter action and
work. We shall call them the necessaria. They are :
I. To produce a sound for any of the different wants
and wishes a man may have ; 2. To throw the hands
with force, in order to draw towards or to put away ;
3. To walk with the feet, in order to seek something
or to fly from it; 4, 5. The ejection of the superfluous
elements of nourishment by means of the two openings
created for the purpose.

Recapituia-      The wholc of thcsc elements are twenty-five, viz.:—


twenty-five       I. The general soul.


2.  The abstract vX-q.

3.   The shaped matter.

4.   The overpowering nature.
5-9. The simple mothers.
10-14. The primary elements.
15-19. The senses of apperception.
20. The directing will.

21-25. The instrumental necessaria.

The totality of these elements is called tattva, and all
knowledge is restricted to them. Therefore Vyasa the
son of Parasara speaks : " Learn twenty-five by dis¬
tinctions, definitions, and divisions, as you learn a
logical syllogism, and something which is a certainty,
not merely studying with the tongue. Afterwards
adhere to whatever religion you like; your end will
be salvation."
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