Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 1)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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90                          ALBERUNPS INDIA.

invent numbers of names, and who is to hinder or to
control them ?

In the book Gitd, Vasudeva says : " When the^rs^ of
Page 44. the three primary forces prevails, it particularly applies
itself to developing the intellect, purifying the senses,
and producing action for the angels. Blissful rest is one
of the consequences of this force, and liberation one of
its results.

" When the second force prevails, it particularly ap¬
plies itself to developing cupidity. It will lead to
fatigue, and induce to actions for the Yaksha and Rak¬
shasa, In this case the recompense will be according
to the action,

" If the third force prevails, it particularly applies
itself to developing ignorance, and making people easily
beguiled by their own wishes. Finally, it produces
wakefulness, carelessness, laziness, procrastination in
fulfilling duties, and sleeping too long. If man acts, he
acts for the classes of the Bhuta and Pisaca, the devils,
for the Preta who carry the spirits in the air, not in
paradise and not in hell. Lastly, this force will lead
to punishment; man will be lowered from the stage
of humanity, and will be changed into animals and

In another place the same author says : " Belief and

virtue are in the Deva among the spiritual beings.

Therefore that man who resembles them believes in

God, clings to him, and longs for him.    Unbelief and

vice are in the  demons called Asura and Rakshasa,

That man whe resembles them does not believe in God

nor attend to his commandments.    He tries to make

the world godless, and is occupied with things which

are harmful in this world and in the world beyond, and

are of no use."

The author       If WO uow combiuc thcsc statements with each other,

eighTciassTs it will be evident that there is some confusion both in

bei^ifgs!''"'^^   the names and in their order.    According to the most
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