Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 1)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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  Page 157  

CHAPTER XIV.                                 157

from the Karana; another one, by Bhanuyasas (?), is
called Karana-para-tilaka, which shows, as I am told,
how the corrected places of the stars are derived from
one another.

There is a book by Utpala the Kashmirian called
BdJiunrdkarana (?), i.e. breaking the Karanas; and
another called Karana-pdta, i.e. killing the Karanas.
Besides there is a book called Karana-cucldmani of
which I do not know the author.

There are more books of the same kind with other
titles, e.g. the great Mdnasa, composed by Manu, and the
commentary by Utpala; the small Mdnasa, an epitome
of the former by Puncala (?), from the southern country ;
Dasagttikd, by Aryabhata; Arydshtasata, by the same ;
Lokdnanda, so called from the name of the author ; Bhat-
tild (?), so called from its author, the Brahman Bhattila.
The books of this kind are nearly innumerable.

As for astrological literature, each one of the follow- on astroio-

"                                    '                                            .                   gical litera-

mg authors has composed a so-called Samhitd, viz.:—   ture, the

°                                            '■                                                   ■             '                         so-called


Balabhadra.                     Saihhitas



Sanihitd means that vohich is collected, books containing
something of everything, e.g. forewarnings relating to a
journey derived from meteorological occurrences ; pro¬
phecies regarding the fate of dynasties ; the knowledge
of lucky and unlucky things ; prophesying from the
lines of the hand ; interpretation of dreams, and taking
auguries from the flight or cries of birds. For Hindu
scholars believe in such things. It is the custom of
their astronomers to propound in their Sariihitas also
the whole science of meteorology and cosmology.

Each one of the following authors has composed a TheJata-
book, Jdtaka, i.e. book of nativities, viz.:—                     books'on

Parasara.                                        Jivasarman.

Satya.                                             Man, the Greek,

Manittha.                       I
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