162 ALBERUNPS INDIA.
in comparing the two mithkdls; that what he called
mithkdls is in reality the tola, and that he calls the
mdsha by a diff'erent name, viz, ruvu.
Varahami- If the Hindus wish to be particularly painstakinar in
hira on , . . . , „
weights. these things, they give the following scale, based on the
measurements which Varahamihira prescribes for the
construction of idols:—
I renu or particle of dust = i raja.
8 raja = i hdldgra, i.e. the end of a hair.
8 bdldgra = i likhyd, i.e. the egg of a louse.
8 likhyd = i y€tkd, i.e. a louse.
8 yUkd = I yava, i.e. a barley-corn.
Hence, Varahamihira goes on to enumerate the measures
for distances. His measures of weight are the same as
those which we have already mentioned. He says :
4 yava = i andt.
4 andt = i mdsha.
i6 mdsha = i suvarna, i.e. gold.
4 suvarna = i pala.
The measures of dry substances are the following :—
4 pala = I kudava.
4 kudava = i prastha.
4 prastha = i ddhaka.
The measures of liquid substances are the following:—
5 pala = I kudava.
8 kudava = i prastha.
4 prastha = I adhaka.
4 ddhaka — i drona.
Weights The following weights occur in the book Caraka. I
according to , i a i • i •
the book mye them here according; to the Arabic translation, as
I have not received them from the Hindus vivd voce.
The Arabic copy seems to be corrupt, like all other
books of this kind which I know. Such corruption
must of necessity occur in our Arabic writing, more
particularly at a period like ours, when people care
Caraka.