Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 1)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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  Page 236  

236                        ALBERUNPS INDIA.

Page ii8.          The differences of the traditions as exhibited by this

table cannot be accounted for in any rational way. They
can hardly have sprung from any other source but from
arbitrary, accidental changes of the enumeration. The
most appropriate of these traditions is that of the
Matsya-Burdna, because it enumerates the dvipas and
seas one after the other according to a fixed order, a
sea surrounding an island, an island surrounding a sea,
the enumeration proceeding from the centre to the

We shall now in this place record some related sub¬
jects, though it would perhaps be more correct to treat
of them in some other part of the book.
Quotation        The commeutator of the book of Patanjali, wishing
commenta-   to determine the dimension of the world, begins from
jaii.    '       below and says : " The dimension of the darkness is one
koti and 85 laksha yojana, i.e. 18,000,000 yojana.

" Then follows A^ara/m, i.e. the hells, of the dimension
of 13 koti and 12 laksha, i.e. 131,200,000 yojana.

"Then follows darkness, of one laksha, i.e. 100,000

" Above it lies the earth Vajra, so called on account
of its hardness, because the word means a diamond, and
the molten thunder-holt, of 34,000 yojana.

"Above it lies the middle earth Garbha, of 60,000

" Above it lies the golden earth, of 30,000 yojana.

" Above this the seven earths, each of 10,000 yojana,
which makes the sum of 70,000 yojana. The upper one
of them is that which contains the dvipas and the seas.

" Behind the sweet-water sea lies Lokdiokct, which
means a not-gathering-place, i.e. a place without civilisa¬
tion and inhabitants.

" Thereupon follows the gold-earth of one Koti, i.e.
10,000,000 yojana; above it the Bitrilokaof 6,134,000

" The totality of the seven lokas, which is called Brah-
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