Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 1)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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CHAPTER XLI.                             369

in the world came into existence at the beginning of
the day of Brahman, and since they both perish at
the end of it, we must adopt this day of their existence
as a kalpa, not another period."

In another place he says : " A thousand caturyuga are Page ise.
one day of Devaka, i.e. Brahman, and a night of his is
of the same length.    Therefore his day is equal to 2000

In the same way Vj^asa the son of Parasara says : "He
who believes that 1000 caturyugas are a day and 1000
caturyugas a night, knows Brahman."

Within the space of a kalpa 71 caturyugas are equal Relation be-

,                                    •                                   .                         TV ^                       •    T              T              tween man-

to I manu, i.e. manvantara, or Manu-period, and  14 vantara mA
manus are equal to  i  kalpa.    Multiplying 71  by 14, '*^"'
you get 994 caturyugas as the period of 14 manvan¬
taras, and a remainder of 6 caturyugas till the end of
the kalpa.

If we, however, divide these 6 caturyugas by 15, in
order to find the sarhdhi both at the beginning and end
of each of the 14 manvantaras, the number of the
samdhis being by i larger than that of the manvantaras,
the quotient is -fths. If we now insert -f caturyuga
between each two consecutive manvantaras, and add the
same amount both at the beginning of the first and the
end of the last manvantaras, the fraction of f disap¬
pears at the end of 15 manvantaras (f x 15=6). The
fractions at the beginning and end of the kalpa repre¬
sent the samdhi, i.e. a common link. A kalpa, includ¬
ing its samdhii has 1000 caturyugas, as we have said in
the first part of this chapter.

The singfle parts of a kctlpa stand in a constant rela- conditions

,         .                   1         .            .,                        T.          ,       ofthebe-

tlOn to each other, one bearing witness regarding the ginning of

other.    For it commences with the vernal equinox, a

Sunday, the conjunction of the planets, their apsides

and nodes, which takes place there where there is neither

Eevati nor Asvini, i.e. between them, at the beginning

of the month Caitra, and in the moment of the sun's

VOL. I.                                                              2 A
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