Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 1)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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384                        ALBERUNPS INDIA.

without being happy, and concealed herself in the
mountains, having no longer intercourse with the women
as formerly. Then she went to the large towns, warned
their inhabitants, scolded them for their evil doings,

Page 193. and blamed them for ruining the race which the
golden fathers had left behind. She foretold them
that there would come a race still worse than they,
and that wars, bloodshed, and other great disasters
would follow.

" After having finished, she disappeared into the moun¬
tains till the silver race expired and a bronze race came
up. People invented the sword, the doer of evil; they
tasted of the meat of cows, the first who did it. By all
this their neighbourhood became odious to Justice, and
she flew away to the sphere."

A schoiion        Xhe commentator of the book of Aratus says : " This

on Aratus.         ...

Virgin is the daughter of Zeus. She spoke to the
people on the public places and streets, and at that
time they were obedient to their rulers, not knowing
the bad nor discord. W^ithout any altercation or envy
they lived from agriculture, and did not travel on sea
for the sake of commerce nor for the lust of plunder.
Their nature was as pure as gold.

" But when they gave up these manners and no
longer adhered to truth. Justice no longer had inter¬
course with them, but she observed them, dwelling in
the mountains. When, however, she came to their
meetings, though unwillingly, she threatened them, for
they listened in silence to her words, and therefore she
no longer appeared to those who called her, as she had
formerly done,

"When, then, after the silver race, the bronze race
came up, when wars followed each other and the evil
spread in the world, she started off, for she wanted on
no account to stay with them, and hated them, and went
towards the sphere.

" There are many traditions regarding this Justice,
  Page 384