Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 2)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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CHAPTER XLIX.                            5

wars of Bharata and our gauge-year there have elapsed
3479 years. The year 4132 before the gauge-year is
the epoch of the kalikdla, and the year 3479 before the
gauge-year is the epoch of the Pdndavakdla.

The Hindus have an era called Kdlayavana, regard- The era

-       .       f   n   •    (>          Kalayavana.

ing which I have not been able to obtain full infor¬
mation. They place its epoch in the end of the last
dvdparayuga. The here-mentioned Yavana (JMN)
severely oppressed both their country and their religion..
To date by the here-mentioned eras requires in any
case vast numbers, since their epochs go back to a most
remote antiquity. For this reason people have given
up using them, and have adopted instead the eras

(i.) Sri Harsha.
(2.)   Vikramdditya.
(3.) Saka.
(4.)   Valahha, and
(5.) Gupta.

The Hindus believe regarding Sri Harsha that he EraofSrt


used to examine the soil in order to see what of hidden
treasures was in its interior, as far down as the seventh
earth ; that, in fact, he found such treasures ; and that,
in consequence, he could dispense with oppressing his
subjects (by taxes, &c.). His era is used in Mathura and
the country of Kanoj. Between Sri Harsha and Vikra-
maditya there is an interval of 400 years, as I have been
told by some of the inhabitants of that region. How¬
ever in the Kashmirian calendar I have read that Sri
Harsha was 664 years later than Vikramaditya. In
face of this discrepancy I am in perfect uncertainty,
which to the present moment has not yet been cleared
up by any trustworthy information.

Those who use the era of Vikramaditya live in the Eraofvik-
southern and western parts of India.    It is used in the
following way : 342 are multiplied by 3, which gives
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