Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 2)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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124                           ALBERUNTS INDIA.

and divide the sum by 3750.    The quotient represents
years, months, days, &c.

" Add them to the Sakakala, and divide the sum by
60. The quotient represents great sexagenarian yugas,
i.e. complete shashtyctbdas, which, as not being necessary,
are disregarded. Divide the remainder by 5, and the
quotient represents small, complete five-year yugcts.
That which remains being less than one yugct, is called
sctmvatsctrct, i.e. the year.

" V. 22.—Write down the latter number in two diffe¬
rent places. Multiply the one by 9, and add to the pro¬
duct ^ of the number in the other place. Take of the
sum the fourth part, and this number represents com¬
plete lunar stations, its fractions representing part of
the next following current station. Count off this
number of the stations, beginning with Dhanishtha.
The station you arrive at is that one in which the
heliacal rising of Jupiter takes place." Thereby you
know the month of the years, as has above been ex¬

Smaller           The great yugas begin with the heliacal rising of

contained in Jupitcr in the beginning of the station Dhanishtha and
six^y'^yearl the beginning of the month Magha. The small yugas
have within the great ones a certain order, being
divided into groups which comprehend certain numbers
of years, and each of which has a special dominant.
This division is represented by the following table.

If you know what number in the great yugct the year
in question occupies, and you look up this number
among the numbers of the years in the upper part
of the table, you find under it, in the corresponding
columns, both the name of the year and the name of
its dominant.
  Page 124