Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 2)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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and the Candala are equal, the friend and the foe, the
faithful and the deceitful, nay, even the serpent and
the weasel. If to the eyes of intelligence all things
are equal, to ignorance they appear as separated and

Vasudeva speaks to Arjuna: " If the civilisation of
the world is that which is intended, and if the direc¬
tion of it cannot proceed without our fighting for the
purpose of suppressing evil, it is the duty of us who
are the intelligent to act and to fight, not in order to
bring to an end that which is deficient within us, but
because it is necessary for the purpose of healing what
is ill and banishing destructive elements. Then the
ignorant imitate us in acting, as the children imitate
their elders, without their knowing the real aim and
purport of actions. For their nature has an aversion to
intellectual methods, and they use force only in order
to act in accordance with the influences of lust and
passion on their senses. In all this, the intelligent and
educated man is directly the contrary of them."
  Page 138