Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 2)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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  Page 143  

CHAPTER LXVI.                             143

" North-east of Kailasa there is the mountain Can-
draparvata, and at its foot the pond Acud (?), whence
comes the river Acud.

" South-east of Kailasa there is the mountain Lohita,
and at its foot a pond called Lohita. Thence comes
the river Lohitanadi.

" South of Kailasa there is the mountain Sarayusati (?),
and at its foot the pond Manasa. Thence comes the
river Sarayu.

"West of Kailasa there is the mountain Aruna,
always covered with snow, which cannot be ascended.
At its foot is the pond Sailoda, whence comes the
river Sailoda.

" North of Kailasa there is the mountain Gaura (?),
and at its foot the pond C-n-d-sara (?), i.e. having
golden sand. Near this pond the King Bhagiratha led
his anchorite life.

"His story is as follows:—A king of the Hindus story of

nnrt              i      i    ^                             nfi           it                 Bhagiratha.

called feagara had 60,000 sons, all of them bad, mean
fellows. Once they happened to lose a horse. They
at once searched for it, and in searching they continu¬
ally ran about so violently that in consequence the
surface of the earth broke in. They found the horse in
the interior of the earth standing before a man who
was looking down with deep-sunken eyes. When
they came near him he smote them with his look,
in consequence of which they were burned on the
spot and went to hell on account of their wicked

" The collapsed part of the earth became a sea, the
great ocean. A king of the descendants of that king,
called Bhagiratha, on hearing the history of his ances¬
tors, was much affected thereby. He went to the
above-mentioned pond, the bottom of which was
polished gold, and stayed there, fasting all day and Page 284.
worshipping during the nights. Finally, Mahadeva
asked him what he wanted; upon which he answered,
  Page 143