Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 2)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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  Page 359  

ANNOTATIONS.                               359

of the kalpa 1,972,948,132 years, and of Brahman's life
26,215,732,948,132 years, as stated p. 3, 11. 6-9 (Schrctm).

P. 3. It was I who told it to Yudhishthira, &c.—The
author of Vishuu.-Dharmet refers in these words to the
third quirvan (yetnaqxtrvan) of the Mahetbheireitct.

P. 4, 1. 29.—From the beginning of Brahman's life to
that of the present kalpa there have elapsed 6068 kalpas or
6068 X 1008 X 4,320,000 or 26,423,470,080,000 years. Six
manvantaras = 6 x 72 x 4,320,000 or 1,866,240,000 years ;
twenty-seven cataryugas = 27 x 4,320,000 or 116,640,000
years; three yugas + 4132 years = 3 x 1,080,000 i 4132 or
3,244,132 years. The latter number represents the years
elapsed of the caturyuga; adding to it successively the
other numbers of years, we find the numbers given 11. 29-31
of thispage. TheArabicmanuscripthas26,425,456,200,000
instead of 26,425,456,204,132 (Schretm).

P. 6,1. 3.—In the book Sriidhctvct, &c., cf. note to i. p. 158.
Cctndrabijct.—I first took the reading of the manuscript

to be j^j fsl:>-   ^^^t ^0"^ I believe I can see a pale dot above

the last consonant, so that we may read   :_v..',j..«.p-.

On the sho,shtyetbdct, or sixty-years cycle, cf. chap. Ixii.
p. 123.

P. 6. 27ie epoch of the era of Saka, &c.—Alberuni
speaks of this era in his Canon Masudicus (composed
during the   reign   of  Mas'ud)  in   the following terms:

•ia^  La\d^*   Mibs'j.::.   ■^ij\^J^\  ji^'^^  J^   ^^  '^■^^^   ^*^:'   LH-^i^.!!

'i-»KA'^     ^A-K«;    ^^JvJ'    ^    i^£.    ^ii>   ^JnJ    /*'-j/'j   ^^     \Ax.l^     ^

Ji^^UJl ^^^' (Beginning of the sixth chapter, book i.,
copied from the Codex Elliot, now in the British Museum.)
Translation: " Time is called Kdla in the language of
the Hindus. The era most famous among them, and in
particular among their astronomers, is the Sctkakdla, i.e.
the time of Saka. This era is reckoned from the year of
his destruction, because he was ruling (rather, tyrannising)
over it (i.e. over that time).    In this as well as in other
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