(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)

 Tools

Search this book

 ``` ANNOTATIONS. 365 masa months must be a whole, so the number of the adhimasa days must be divisible by 30. Accordingly, the number cjuoted, p. 29, 1. 30, not being divisible by 30, is at once recognised as erroneous, and it is astonishing when he says in the following lines, " If, in multiplying and dividing, we had used the months, we should have found the adhimasa months and multiplied by 30, they would be ecjual to the here-mentioned number of adhimasa days." In this case certainly the number ought to be divisible by 30. Perhaps he would have found the fault, if not, by a strange coincidence, the difference between the true value and the false one had been exactly 28 days or four complete weeks, so that though the number con¬ sidered is an erroneous one, yet he finds, p. 30, 1. 9, the right week-day. Alberuni finds, p. 29, 1. 2, as the sum of days from the beginning of the kalpa to the seventh manvantara 676,610,573,760. Further, he finds, 1. 7, that from the beginning of the seventh manvantara till the beginning of the present caturyuga there have elapsed 42,603,744,150 days, and, 1. 12, that till the beginning of the kaliyuga there have elapsed 1,420,124,805 days of the present catur¬ yuga. Adding these numbers, we find that the sum of days elapsed from the beginning of the kalpa to that of the caturyuga is 720,634,442.715 ; but as he finds, p. 30, 1. \$, that from the same epoch to the gauge-date there have elapsed 720,635,951,963 days, so the gauge-date would be 1,509,248 days after the beginning of the kaliyuga. Now we know that the gauge-date is 25th February 103 i (see p. 2, 1. 17, and note), or the day 2,097,686 of the Julian period, whilst the first day of the kaliyuga, as is generally known, coincides with the 18th February 3102 before Christ or with the day 588,466 of the Julian period, so that the difference of the two dates is 1,509,220, and not 1,509,248 days. To this result we shall also come when working out Alberuni's example after the method stated in the begin¬ ning of this note. Instead of p. 29, 1. 16, we should then have : the years which have elapsed of the kalpa up to that year are 1,972.948,132. Multiplying them by 12, we get as the number of their -months 23,675,377,584. In the date which we have adopted as gauge-year there is ```