Shackle, C. Umrāʻo Jān Adā a glossary (v. 1)

([London :  SOAS,  1970?])



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  page xvi  



Too upset to perform, Vim ao is resting when a young man
in uniform bursts in - it is her brother, furious at the
shame she has brought on the family*  He draws a knife on
her, then breaks dovm*  Umrao promises never to return, and
leaves immediately for Lucknow.










Changes in LucHjjow after the Mutiny*  Umrao leaves Khanum,
who has also changed, having lost her passion for money,
and sets up on her owa.

Umrao becomes involved with Navab Mahmud Ali Khan, who will
not let her go, and files a suit, claiming she has married
him*  When Umrao refuses to give in, he threatens her life
and she has to have a bo^guard.

She fights the case with the aid of the attorney Akbar All^
who outwits the Navab: the latter loses his case*

Akbar Ali*s kindness to Umrao in spite of his dishonesty,
and his religious observances.

Interlude: Husva comments on the real wickedness of
those who hurt other people, while Umrao defends the
apparent cruelty of the courtesan, leading to an
attempted classification of types of love*

Interlude: Jokes between Rusva and Unrao about her going
to live with Akbar Ali,

Umrao*s life in a small house attached to Akbar All's: his
crude friends*

Akbar All's wife invites Umrao to sit with her in her dirty
courtyard.  Arrival of an old woman ('Luddan's m.other')
who starts insulting Akbar All's wife and Umrao: the former
eventually gives her a shoe-beating.  Akbar All's mother
('the Senior Begam*) comes to send the old woman away, then
to scold her daughter-in-law,

Umrao leaves, but overhears the old Begam and the cook
Amiran sententiously condemning Akbar All's wife for
associating with and standing up for a cheap whore like
Umrao,  Umrao seethes with rage at their cruel taunting*

Interlude: Rusva tells Umrao to simmer down (verse),
and inquires further about the relationship of the parties
to the dispute.  He supports the cause of respectably
married women against courtesans and prostitutes, and
argues that the lack of control of them in cities has led
to the decline of Delhi and Lucknow,
  page xvi