Bernier, François, Travels in the Mogul Empire A.D. 1656-1668

(Westminster, Eng. :  Constable,  1891.)



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  Page 192  


Two centuries have scarcely elapsed since the great
peninsula of India, stretching from the Gulf of Cambaye
on the west to the Gulf of Bengale near Jagannale on the
east, and extending southerly to Cape Comori,^ was, with
the exception perhaps of a few mountainous tracts, under
the domination of one arbitrary despot. The indiscretion
of Raja, or King, Ram-ras, the last Prince under whom
it was united, caused the dismemberment of tiiis vast
monarchy, and this is the reason why it is now divided
among many sovereigns professing different religions.
Ram-ras had three Georgian slaves in his service, whom
he distinguished by every mark of favour, and at length
nominated to the Government of three considerable
districts. One was appointed governor of nearly tlie
whole of the territory in the Decan which is now in the
possession of the Mogol; Daulet-Abad was the capital of
that government, which extended from Bider, Paranda ^
and Sourate as far as Narbadar. The territory now forming
the kingdom of Visapour was the portion of the second
favourite; and the third obtained the country compre¬
hended in tlie present kingdom of Golkonda. These three
slaves became extremely rich and powerful, and as they
professed the Mahometan faith and declared themselves
of the Chyas sect, which is that of the Persians, they
received the countenance and support of a great number
of Mogols in the service of Ram-ras. They could not,
even if so disposed, have embraced the religion of the
Gentiles, because the gentiles of India admit no stranger
to the participation of their mysteries. A rebellion, in
which the three Georgian slaves united, terminated in the
murder of Ram-ras, after which they returned to their
respective governments, and usurped the title of Chah, or
King. Ram-ras's children, incapable of contending with
these   men,   remained   quietly   in   the   country   known

^ The old and correct form for Comorin ; see p. 23, footnote ^.
- Purandhar, 20 miles south-east of Poona city, now a sanitarium for
European troops.
  Page 192