Korean independence outbreak beginning March 1st 1919

([S.l. :  s.n.,  1920?])



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"tiie^-^Krremmant. - Japan-Korean Treaty 22nd August 1904."

The Japanese Goverajiient..^uarant.ees to maintain the seouri-ty and
respect the di^ity^of the Imperial House.  Japan-Koo-ean Treaty,
17th November 1900.

His Majesty the E-aperor of Jcpan, will accord to their Majesties,
the Emporor and the Ex-Emperor sno Hia Imperial Highness, the Crown
Prince of Korea and their coraor-a and heirs titles, dignity and honor
as are appropriate to their scieis.'! ranks, and sufficient annual grants
will be made for tho maintenance of such titles, dignity and honor.
Treaty of Annexation 29th August 1910.

We have set forth fully the steps by which Korea was deprived of
her independence, and in a' closing article we shall inquire how far tho
other interested Powers expressed acquioscence in Japan's action.

(China Press for about March 19th.)

The treaty of Feb. 26th, 1376 referred to in the Korean Declaration
of Independence says, Art.l.,

Korea being on independent state enjoys the same soverign rights
as does Japan......

All their intoroourae shall henceforward be carried on in terms of
equality and courtesy.

Art.1.The Imperial Governments of Japan and Russia definitively re-
ccgnize the sovereignty and entire independence of Korea.

*.'■!; Art.l.The High Contracting Parties, having mutually recognized the
independence of China and Korea, declare themselves to be entirely un¬
influenced by any aggressive teadencies in either country.

Art.l.The Imperial Government of Korea shall place full confidence in
the Imperial Government of Japan.

Art.3.The Imperial Government of Japan definitively guarantee the in-
dopandence and territorial integrity of the Korean Empire.

The great war'has not furnished any mere glaring "scraps of paper."
China may well take care today, and call a fialt to her treaty making
with this nation which has so little truth or honor.

Mr. P.Ai:McKenzie,in his "Tragedy of Korea", Chap.11 says, ".as the
summer of 1905 drew to a close, it became more clear that the Japanese
Government, despite its many promises to the contrary, intenddd to oom-
letely destroy ths independence of Korea. The Emperor had tho-ught
that because independence was provided for in treaty after treaty with
the Great Powers, therefore ho waa safe.

He had to learn, like 3elgia-a, that in the face of a German-like
militarism, treaties are only ''scraps of Paper."

He resisted the demands of Japan, he refused to sign. Ho said to
Marquis Ito: "To assent to your proposal would mean the ruin of my coun¬
try and I will therefore sooner die than agree to them." After a con¬
ference of five hours, the Japane.so oouLd accomplish nothing. Then came
the power of brutal force. On the evening of t!ov. 17th, 1905, Japanese
soldiers with fixed bayonets, surrounded the apartment of the Emperor.
His Cabinet ministers, remembering the Japanese murder of the Queen in
1895, yielded although the Emperor still refused. It is a terrible story.
Sill the nations hear the cry of this people today? And right this great
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