Korean independence outbreak beginning March 1st 1919

([S.l. :  s.n.,  1920?])



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had been deoeived by the Chondokyo-Th© ChrtstlajiB- had been 4airtTtwrt«*'"*<Vv,
keep quiet and use no vlolenoe In the movement but the-Cbapdolryo had not ^
been ao inatinioted.

The Govemmant had great anxiety ovor the turn affairs had taken and
felt that mieeionaries had ideas oa tha subjeot as they were in cloeo fe-
lation to the people and ao hG,ilr.Udauii,had. sought this interview that he
might learn what the mi'ssionaries thought on the matter and be hoped that
W9 would spoak frankly. He felt that from the viewpoint of hutaanlty,nation
al indspendenoe would be a good thing,but practically it would be only tot
the  Iiara of the people. Independence would be followed by various politi¬
cal parties with rival ambitions and it would be only a short time till
tha country v?ould be in a state of anarchy suoh as now exists in Germany
aad Ha^sia.So he felt that the real welfare and happiness of the Koreans
do not Via  along that line.

The missionaries spoke along the following lines;


In the preliminary mooting of the Christians and the Chondokyo.tha
Chriatians stood for the British as opposed to the German method of rule.
The Chondokyo wanted oomplete independence.The Christians did not want to
strike for oomplete independenoe but at last it was agreed that the Chria¬
tians would go in for full independenoe if the Chondkyo on their part
would agree to no violence but peaceful methods,

Br.Galo:                                                   '     ■ ''

The Koreans are living under a state of mental terror.They have
grown more and more apart from the Japanese ae the years have gone by.
Have great faft». of the polios. They are a different raoe and should bo al¬
lowed to develop along their own racial lines with an indlvidualijry of
theijifr own.


If the Government had outlined soma program giving tho Koreans hope
they would have been better satisfied. In the absenoe of suoh program they
had lost all hope and now feel that their only hope in in separation from
the Japanese Government.

Mr.Usami said that students returning froa Japan and other plaoes
have said the same things and that the Government plans such things and
does not want to discrimisate against the Kioreans*

Mr.Hugh Miller:

Mr.Miller spoke along the line of the theory of taxation without re¬


The iCoreans want a ohance te express their own manhoed>The present
lEovemont is a natural outgrowth of tha education that has been given by
both missionaries and tho Government, they have arrived at a state of self-
oonsoiousness and now want an opportunity to work out their destinies along
their own racial lines.

Scotland and England add strength to eaoh othor.Bsoh working along
its own line adds strength to the other.So should j£ores and Japan, At pva-
sent Korea is a weakness to Japan and not a strength.

He had urged ths Koreans to prepare a manly statement of what they
wanted and go to the Government with it. The ^Joroans did so and brought
him suoh a list of thair demands-They want thoir own history respooted and
their own language preserved.Being ocmpolled to take all their education
through tha medium of tho Japanese language ia distasteful to thom. They
are willing to study Japanese but rosont being forced to get thoir eduoa
tlon through that medium.They want a beginning of self-government,

Mr.Bomhelsel spoke first of the restlessness of the student class*
They feel that there is no hope for them in this country and therefore
they are anxious to get out of the country as fast as they oan. There are
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