Korean independence outbreak beginning March 1st 1919

([S.l. :  s.n.,  1920?])

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SI

THE ATEOCITIES IH SUWEH,iJU» NEIGH¬
BOURING VILLAGES

When the atrocities in Suwen and the neighbouxing district; ww^"
brought to the nfttice of the local authxiritiea, the Qovemor
gave asjsuranccs i;hat nothing of such a nature would occur
again. In this particular Instance the authorities had no op¬
portunity of denying that the wholesale murder of a number of
Korean who had been invited to attend a lecture in a churchj
and the murder of other Koreanein other districts, and the blam¬
ing Qf villages had taken place. Too many foreigners had
visitbd the scones of these brutal events, and to make matters
more interesting a number of those who visited those pl^aces were
officials or foreign governments. Photographs were taken and
clear evidence was obtained. The Japanese authorities under such
conditions were forced to admit that subordinate military of¬
ficials had exceeded their duty and tad committed acts which
could only be denounced by the higher officials themselves.

Reports have been circulated that the men rosposible for
these outrages would be brought to book for taking the law into
their own hands. Up to the present, however nothing has been
heard of their being put on trial, neither has anything definite
been given out concerning the punishment they would receive if
they were found guilty.

The charges which must be bro\ight against them are of such
a serious nature that they could only be tried by the highest
court. Military if they were soldiers, and the Chief Court of
Justice should any of them be civilians. The charge.against them.
woiild be murder, and if the Japanese authorities are sincere in
thsir desire to punish these men for the brutalities they have
co^araitted and wish to prove to the world that they will not toler-
at3 acts of this discription, the trial ahould be a public one
anl the sentences pronounced in open court.  It is now no time
for the authorities in Korea to take half measures.- Either
th3 government is willing to condone such acts or it is not,
Bi'-her the Government intends to allow soldiers of low rank to
mui"i.0r Koreans adlibqi or it- will afford the Koreans that pro-
teccion of life which they are entitled to by the laws which
Japan has set up in this country. App«rently the civil author-
itu.GS are unable to act in the matter, the Government being a
military one. That being the case the Governor General himself
i" there fore responsible that these men are brought to trial
e:j.([  .^t is his duty to see that they are punished to the full
fc:rboiit of the law if they are proven guilty. The question is
iiv:'G  the authorities at the present moment punish these military
mi--:'derers of innocent and unarmed Koreans? In certain quarters it
xs  said that they are not, and the only manner by which the
CrO'e;.mor General can disprove this report is by bringing
these men to trial. It is somewhat puazling to those who
t=i?.ieve that the strictest discipline is maintained in the Japan-
fcse army, that these murders should have taken place without the
authorization of some military official of rank! Sergeants and
Cien below that rank are not in the habit of committing such of¬
fences unless they feel sure that they have the support and pro¬
tection of those above them. On  the other hand, if these men of
low rank can take this responsiblity upon their shoulders with¬
out fear of punishment it is proof conclusive that the discipl¬
ine in the Japanese army is non existent»
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