Ratified December 15, 1791
Q^ongress shall make no taw respecting an establishment of re¬
ligion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the
freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people
peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a
redress of grievances.
aX well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a
free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall
not be infringed.
S\o Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house,
without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a
manner to be prescribed by law.
Uuhe right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses,
papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures,
shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon prob¬
able cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularlv
describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things t"
(irto person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise
infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a. Grand
Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the
Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger;
nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice