Browsing Ling long

Using this Site

Troubleshooting

Browser and System Requirements

Browsing Ling long
Viewing Instructions

Ling long magazine has two covers—front and back—and is read from both directions. The text in the "front" of the magazine runs horizontally while the text in the "back" of the magazine is vertical. The front and back sections meet somewhere in the body of the magazine, not always at the center fold. Most issues follow this format, although there are some exceptions.

Ling long's front cover is bound on the right and page numbers increase right to left when reading from the front (page 2 on the right, page 3 on the left). View an issue from the front of the magazine to the back by clicking on the "left" arrow.

The back cover is bound on the left and page numbers decrease when reading from the back (page 35 on the left, page 34 on the right). View an issue from the back of the magazine to the front by clicking on the "right" arrow.
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Issue Numbers and Dates
The issue numbers of the magazine run sequentially from the first issue in 1931 through the last issue in 1937. C. V. Starr Library's holdings run from issue number 1 to issue number 298. Page numbers, however, run sequentially within years, starting at page 1 in the first issue of the year and running continuously through the last issue of the year. In 1935, for example, the last issue ended with page number 2,564. One exception: In 1932, the second year of publication, the page numbering did not start at 1 until May. But in 1933, the magazine once again started with page 1 at the beginning of each year.

Ling long magazine followed the modern calendar of the Republic of China. While the months and days corresponded to the Gregorian calendar, the years were calculated according to the founding of the Republic of China (January 1912). Thus, by adding 1,911 to the Republican year, one can figure out the Gregorian year (i.e., Republican year 20 is the same as Gregorian year 1931). An exception is that the editors did not switch over to the new year in January of 1932 (Republic 21). They may have been calculating the year according to the lunar rather than the Gregorian calendar, which meant the new year began after the Chinese New Year. After 1932, however, the editors adopted a standard Republican/Gregorian calendar with the year changing in January.
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University of Heidelberg Images
An h appears next to the page numbers of page images from the University of Heidelberg.
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Missing Issues and Pages
Ling long was a popular magazine printed on acidic paper; it was widely read but not widely collected by libraries. As a result, the run is incomplete, with volumes that are missing issues, and issues that are missing pages.
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Using this Site
Printing

The print function on this site prints one Ling long page per each sheet of paper. When printing pages from the two- and four-page views, each page will print on a separate sheet of paper. The two pages at the center fold of each issue will print together on one page.
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Viewing Portable Documents (PDFs)
Some excerpts are Portable Document Format (PDF) files that require the free Adobe Reader plug-in. Download now and follow the downloading instructions.
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Saving Documents
To save a PDF file, you may use Ctrl+S on the PC and Cmd+S on the Mac. Alternatively, use the browser's "File" menu to select "Save." To save a Web page or a transcript, you may use Ctrl+S on the PC and Cmd+S on the Mac.
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Troubleshooting
Making the text larger

There are two ways to change the text size on your monitor: using options built into your browser or changing the resolution of your screen. With the Internet Explorer browser, use the "View" menu to change text size. (On a PC, you may also need to look in the "Tools" menu, select "Internet Options" on that menu, click the "General" tab, then the "Accessibility" button on the lower right corner; then check "ignore font sizes specified on Web pages.") With Netscape, you can make the text larger by simultaneously holding down the "Ctrl" and "+" keys on a PC or by holding down the "Cmd" and "+" keys on a Mac.

To change the resolution on a PC, right-click on the desktop and choose "Properties." Then, select the "Settings" tab and change the "Screen area" slider. To change the resolution on a Mac running OS X, choose "System Preferences" from the "Apple" menu or the Dock. Select "Displays." Change the selection under "Resolutions." On a Mac running OS 9, select "Control Panels" from the "Apple" menu, then "Monitors." Change the selection for the "Resolution."
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Plug-in error messages
If you cannot view a PDF, you will receive a plug-in error. You will need to download the appropriate free plug-in. Please visit the plug-ins section.
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Using the "Back" button on the browser toolbar
If the "Back" button does not take you to the previous page in the Web site, please use the site navigation buttons and tools instead.
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Browser and System Requirements
System requirements

For IBM-compatible PC
98 or later
128 MB of RAM (256 or higher recommended)
Monitor: 800x600-pixel resolution recommended
Connection: Internet service and 56K modem minimum
Browser: Internet Explorer 5.x or above, Mozilla 1.4 or above (now called Firefox), Netscape 7.x or above. Netscape 6 not recommended. Plug-ins: Adobe Acrobat Reader 5 or later

For Macintosh
MAC OS 9.2 or higher
256 MB of RAM
Monitor: 800x600-pixel resolution recommended
Connection: Internet service and 56K modem minimum
Browser: Internet Explorer 5.x or above, Mozilla 1.4 or above (now called Firefox), Netscape 7.x or above, Safari 1.2 or above. Netscape 6 not recommended.
Plug-ins: Adobe Acrobat Reader 5 or later
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Using Netscape or Mozilla Firefox
The Netscape and Mozilla browsers are free and based on similar architecture and rendering engines. Download the latest version of Netscape or download the latest version of Mozilla Firefox and follow the simple download instructions.
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Using Internet Explorer
The Internet Explorer browser is free. Download the latest version of Internet Explorer and follow the simple download instructions. PC users, please be aware that if you have a previous version of Internet Explorer, it will be overwritten when you download a later version.
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Using AOL
If you use AOL, you will need to use Netscape Navigator, Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, or Safari instead.

After logging on to AOL, open the alternative browser in order to use the Web site. You may need to contact AOL to configure the alternative browser to work with AOL's proprietary software. In this scenario, you are connecting to the Internet with AOL's network but using a different browser to view the Web site. Just make sure you are still logged on to AOL while browsing.
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Using Safari
The Safari browser is a new browser for the Macintosh OS X platform. Download the latest version of Safari.
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Using OS X
The Web site will work fine in Mac OS X or Mac OS 9.
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