L. S. Alexander Gumby Collection of Negroiana
[ca. 1800] - 1981


Finding Aid Prepared by Bernard R. Crystal
2/8/2000


Date Range: [ca. 1800] - 1981
Size of Collection: 88 linear ft. (ca 5,000 items in 25 boxes and 53 Flat Boxes).
Date of Acquisition: Gift of L.S.Alexander Gumby, 1950-1960.Gift of Joseph Solomon, 1982.
Material on Microfilm: Letters, manuscripts, doucments (2 boxes) is on microfilm.Microfilm available for scrapbooks 1-139.Unnumbered scrapbook: Autobiography (5 vols.) is on microfilm.
Terms of Access: Available for faculty, students, and researchers engaged in scholarly publication projects.
Restrictions on Use or Access: Microfilm must be used for the materials specified above.
Location in Stacks: In sequence. Note: Most of the scrapbooks have been placed in flat boxes as part of the Manuscript Department Oversize Series.
Processing Information: Processed by Bernard Crystal in 11/72 and 2/82.
Associated Material: See also: Ms. Coll./ Slavery & Ms Coll/Plimpton/SlaveryColumbia Library Columns, Vol. II, No. 1, Nov. 1952. Gumby "The Adventures of My Scrapbooks."
RLIN ID: NYCR89-A365

BIOGRAPHY

       Alexander Gumby (1885- 1961), was a book collector who ran a salon in Harlem known as The Gumby Book Studio because of the hundreds of books that lined the walls. The salon a rented large studio on 5th Avenue between 131st and 132nd streets attracted many theatrical and artistic lunimaries. < p>

Gumby started his scrapbook collection in 1901 at the age of sixteen. After moving to New York Gumby began to seriously collect the materials which makes up his collection. In 1910 he started the process of gathering the material he had assembled into scrapbooks. In 1950 he presented his collection to the Columbia University Libraries.

SCOPE AND CONTENT

       A collection concerned with the various phases of black life in America, containing clippings, pamphlets, photographs, pictures, extracts from periodicals, and a representative group of approximately 350 letters, signatures, manuscripts, and documents.

Among the letters are several each from Countee Cullen, Frederick Douglass, Alexander Dumas, fils, William Lloyd Garrison, Claude McKay, Abraham Lincoln, Henry Mencken, William Pickens, Albert A. Smith, and Booker T. Washington. Also, eighteen slavery documents.Most of the material is mounted in 161 scrapbooks or groups of folio leaves.

The clippings are from both general and specialized newspapers and magazines ranging in date from 1850 to 1960, however the majority of the material falls between 1910 and 1950. Whole volumes are devoted tomajor figures such as Joe Louis, Booker T. Washington, Paul Robeson, and Josephine Baker. Four scrapbooks contain signatures, signed photographs, and letters from a great variety of individuals.

Among the unnumbered volumes of personal scrapbooks there are six volumes labeled "Gumby's Autobiography" containing personal letters, calling cards, photographs, post cards, and other printed material relating to Gumby's life.


Part 1

   --Letters, Manuscripts, and Documents

A & B:       Cataloged letters and manuscripts
     Slavery documents
     Miscellaneous uncalaloged letters
     Holograph drafts and final typescripts of Gumby's own
     letters
     2 boxes
     Note: Available on microfilm # 96-2040 and 96-2041

   --Art

Flat Box 189:  Argudin, P.
     Portrait of Alexander Gumby
     [New York], 1934
     22 x 19 inches Pastel
     1 folder

Box 19:       Artist's Pallette, signed by numerous friends
1934-1938

Part II

   --Autographs and Photographs

Flat 125 & 126:       Signatures, signed photographs, and letters.
     4 volumes in 2 Flat Boxes
     Note: Not on Microfilm.

Part III

   --Scrapbooks

      --Numbered Scrapbooks

Flat Box 127: 1      Adventures
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 1.

Flat Box 127: 2 &: 3      Amalgamation of races
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 1.

Flat Box 128: 4 & 5       Art
     2 volumes volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 1.

Flat Box 128: 6      Art, Modern
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 1.

Flat Box 128 7      Art, Negro
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 2.

Volume 8:  Baker, Josephine
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 2.Volume missing as of 2/2000 [PL]

Flat Box 129: 9      Basketball
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 2.

Flat Box 129: 10 & 11      Book reviews
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 2.

Flat Box 130: 12 & 13      Breaking the bonds of slavery
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 2 & 3.

Flat Box 131: 14 Bunche, Ralph
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 3.

Flat Box 131: 15 Carver, George Washington
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 3.

Flat Box 131 16      Catholics
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 3.

Flat Box 131: 17      Classic art
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 3.

Flat Box 132: 18 Charles, Eggard and Joe Woolcott
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 4.

Flat Box 132: 19 Cole and Johnson, and Will Marion
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 4.

Flat Box 132: 20  Columbia University
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 4.

Flat Box 133: 21 Cullen, Countee
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 4.

Flat Box 133: 22 & 23      Dancers
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 5.

Flat Box 134: 24 Douglass, Frederick
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 5.

Volume 25 in Flat Box 134: 25  Du Bois, W. E. B.
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 5.

Flat Box 134: 26 Dunbar, Laurence
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 6.

Flat Box 135: 27      Education North and South
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 6.

Flat 135 & 136: 28 & 29      Ethiopia
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reels 6 and 7.

Flat Box 136: 30 Father Divine
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 7.

Flat Box 136: 31      Football
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 8.

Flat Box 137: 32 Garvy, Marcus
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 8.

Flat Box 137: 33      Green Pastures
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 8.

Flat Box 137: 34      Greenwich Village
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 8.

Flat Box138: 35 & 36      Gumby Book Studio
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 9

Box 15: 37      Gumby Book Studio: Quarterly
     1 volume
     Galley Proofs
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 9

Box 15: 38      Gumby Book Studio: Guest Book
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 9

Flat Box 139: 39      Haiti
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 9

Flat 139 &: 140: 40 & 41      Harlem
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 10.

Flat Box 140: 42 Hayes, Roland and Marian Anderson
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 11.

Flat Box 141: 43 Hughes, Langston
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 11.

Flat Box 141: 44 Hunter, Morris
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 11.

Flat Box 141: 45 & 46      Inter-marriage of Negros and Whites
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 11.

Flat Box 142: 47 & 48       Jazz
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 11.

Flat Box 142: 49       Jewish-Prophet-Others
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 12.

Flat Box 142: 50  Johnson, Jack
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 12.

Flat Box 143: 51  Lafayette Theatre
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 12.

Flat Box 143: 52       Libraries
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 12.

Flat Box 143: 53 and 54       Little Theaters
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 12.

Flat 144 & 145: 55 - 63  Louis, Joe
     8 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 12 & 13.

Flat Box 146: 64 and 65       Lynchings and Race Riots
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 13.

Flat Box 146: 66  Mills, Florence
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 13.

Flat Box 147: 67 & 68       Moving Pictures
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 13.

Flat 147 & 148: 69, 70 and 70a       Music
     3 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 13 & 14.

Flat Box 148: 71 & 72  NAACP
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 14.

Flat Box 148: 73       Negro and Communism
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 14.

Flat 149 & 150: 74 - 77       Negro as a Soldier
     4 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 14 & 15.

Flat Box 150: 78       Negro Business, Labor, and Newspapers
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 15.

Flat Box 151: 79 and 80       Negro Columnists
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 15.

Flat Box 151: 81       Negro Entertainers
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 15.

Flat Box 152 & 153: 82 - 85       Negro Fighters
     4 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 15.

Flat Box 154: 86 and 87       Negro in Africa
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 16.

Flat Box 154: 88       Negro in Baseball
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 16.

Flat Box 155: 89       Negro in Bondage
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 16.

Flat Box 156: 90      Negro in Congress
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 16.

Flat Box 156 & 157: 91 - 94       Negro in Drama
     4 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 16 & 17.

Flat Box 157: 95 and 96       Negro in Politics
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 17.

Flat Box 158: 97       Negro in Stamps
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 17.

Flat Box 157 & 159: 98 & 99       Negro Musicals on Broadway
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 17.

Flat Box 159 & 160: 100 & 101       Negro Poets
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 17.

Flat Box 160: 102       Negro Religions
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 18.

Flat Box 160: 103 & 104       Negro Schools
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 18.

Flat Box 161: 105       Negro Sports
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 18.

Flat Box 161: 106       Olympic Games
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 18.

Flat Box 162: 107       Opera
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 18.

Flat Box 162: 108  Pickens, William
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 18.

Flat Box 163: 109  Porgy
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 18.

Flat Box 163: 110       Protestantantism
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 19.

Flat Box 163: 111       Radio and Television
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 19.

Flat Box 175: 112  Robeson, Paul
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 19.

Flat Box 163: 113 & 114  Robinson, Jackie
     2 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 19.
Flat Box 177: 115  Robinson, Sugar Ray
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 19.

Flat Box 177: 116  Rogers, J. A.
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 19.

Flat Box 178: 117  Shakespeare, William
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 19.

Flat 178, 179 & 180: 118 -121       Social Equality
     4 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 19 & 20.

Flat Box 180, 181 & 182: 122 -125       South
     4 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 20.

Flat Box 185: 126       Supreme Court and the Negro
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 20.

Flat Box 186: 127       They Broke Through Discrimination
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 20.

Flat Box 186: 128  Thurman, Wallace, Jean Toomer and Claude McKay
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 20.

Flat Box 186: 129  Urban League
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 20.

Flat 186 & 187: 130 - 132  Washington, Booker T.
     3 volumes
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 21.

Flat Box 187: 133  Waters, Ethel
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 21.

Flat Box 188: 134 Wipper, Leigh
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 21.

Flat Box 188: 135       White Fighters
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 21.

Flat Box 189: 136  Williams and Walker
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 21.

Flat Box 188: 137  Johnson, James W.
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 22.

Flat Box 189: 138 Mencken, Henry L.
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 22.

Flat Box 189: 139       Miscellaneous
     1 volume
     Note: Available on Microfilm Reel 22.

Box 16:       Greeting and Christmas Cards
     2 volumes

Box 17: 142       Stamp Scrapbook
     1 volume

Box 18: 143       Tony P. [Gumby's cat]
     1 volume

Flat Box 190: 144       Poetry
     1 volume

Flat Box 190: 145       Odd, Strange and Curious
     1 volume

Flat Box 191: 146       Art
     1 volume

Flat Box 191: 147       Literature
     1 volume

18 & 19: 148 & 149  Stewart, James
     2 volumes

Box 20: 150  Sinatra, Frank
     1 volume

Box 20: 151       Movie Stars
     1 volume

   --Gumby's Autobiography in Scrapbooks


Volumes 1 & 2 [in one volume] are missing. They were microfilmed and are on microfilm 96-2042.

Box 21:       Gumby's Autobiography In Scrapbooks
     1 Volume
     Note: Numbered 3.
Available on Microfilm Reel 95-2042.
Numbered "Volume 2" on the microfilm.

Box 22:       Gumby's Autobiography In Scrapbooks
     1 volume
     Note: Numbered 4.
Available on Microfilm Reel 96-2042.
Numbered "Volume 3" on the microfilm.

Box 23:       Gumby's Autobiography In Scrapbooks
     1 volume
     Note: Volume numberd 5.
Available on Microfilm Reel 96-2043.
Numbered "Volume 4" on the microfilm.

Box 24:       Gumby's Autobiography In Scrapbooks
     1 volume
     Note: Volume numberd 6.
Available on Microfilm Reel 96-2043.
Numbered "Volume 5" on the microfilm.

Part IV

   --Subjects

Box 1:  Africa
 Africa - The Congo
 Africa - East Africa
Note: Scrapbook compiled by James Arthur Hutton, Manchester, England
 Africa - Stamps
 Africa - Union of South Africa
Box 2:  Alabama
 British Race Relations
 Cartoons
 Civil Rights
 Civil Rights Bill
 Communism
Box 3:  Crimes - News Clippings
 Crimes - The Virginus Outrage
 Crimes - Claraence Darrow
 Crimes - French - Petain
 Crimes - The Munn Trial
 Curtwright, Arthur
 Darden, Norman
 Death Notices
 Delaware
 Discrimination
 Education
 Educators
 Eisenhower, Dwight
 Ethopia
Box 4:  Father Divine
 Films
 Florida
 Gibson, Althea
 Haiti
 Harlem
 Henson, Matthew
 History
 Housing
 Hughes, Langston
Box 5:  Illinois
 Integration
 Inter-Racial Marriage
 Invitations
 Jack, Hulan E.
 Jackman, Harold
 Kennedy, John and Robert
 Kentucky
 King, Martin Luther
 Korean War
Box 6:  Labor
 Labor - Negro Actors Guild
 Letters to the New York Times
 Liberia
 Lincoln, Abraham
 Literature
 Little Rock - 1957
 Little Rock - 1958
 Little Rock - 1959
 Louisiana
 Lucy Case
Box 7:  Marshall, Charles
 Milestones
 Mississippi
 Music
 Music - Carnegie Hall
 Music - Times Hall
 Music - Town Hall
Box 8:  NAACP
 Negro as Soldier
 New Jersey
 New York City Hospital
 North Carolina
 Nugent, R. Bruce
 Opera
 Painters
 Patton, General George S
 Personal Friends
 Personal Records
Box 9:  Physicians
 Pictures
 Politics
 Powell, Adam Clayton
 Prack, Tony
 Religion
 Robeson, Paul
Box 10:  Roosevelt, Eleanor
 Roosevelt, Theodore
 Royalty
 Science
 Segregation
 Sale of a Negro Woman
1777
1 Signed Bill of Sale
 Slavery
 The South
 South Carolina
Box 11:  Sports - Baseball
 Sports - Boxing, Track, Football, Basketball
Box 12:  Sports - Campenella, Roy
 Sports - Louis, Joe
 Sports - Patterson, Floyd
 Sports - Robinson, Jackie
 Sports - Robinson, Suagr Ray
 Supreme Court
Box 13:  Theatre
 Theatre - "Change Your Luck"
 Theatre - Critics
 Theatre - "The Green Pastures"
 Theatre - Negro Players in the Casts of White Shows
 Theatre - The Palybill
1937-1949
 Theatre - The Palybill
1950-1959
 Theatre - "Porgy"
 Theatre - "St. Louis Woman"
 Tuskegee Institute
 The Unknown Soldier
 Urban League
 Whipper, Leigh
 Worthy, William D.
Box 14:  Notebooks
 Miscellaneous

Part V

   --Additions

 --Scott Joplin

Box 25:  Correspondence and documents relating to Joplin bibliography:
Works copyrighted by Joplin
Memoribilia (with related correcpondence)
Pulitzer Prize, 1976
Entertainment Hall of Fame, 1975
Printed ephemera (programs, press releases, brochures)
Printed materials (clippings)
Printed materials (musical scores)
Note: Gift of Joseph Solomon, 1982
Flat Box 188:  "Tremonisha" (original cast recording)
"Tremonisha" (musical score: 1 page for Act III)
1 folder
Note: Gift of Joseph Solomon, 1982