Mary Klachko Papers

Finding Aid Prepared by John McWinney
August 2001

Date Range: 1852-1992
Size of Collection: 22 linear ft. (ca. 18,000 items in 44 boxes)
Date of Acquisition: Gift of Mary Klachko, 1989 & 1997
Material on Microfilm: No material on microfilm
Terms of Access: Available for faculty, students, or researchers engaged in scholarly or publication projects.
Restrictions on Use or Access: Permission to quote or publish must be obtained in writing from the Director of The Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
Location in Stacks: In sequence
Processing Information: Processed by John McWinney, 1990.


       Naval historian. Mary Klachko is the author of a, number of histories of naval affairs. Among them is the important, biography of William Benson: Admiral William Shepherd Benson:, First Chief of Naval Operations. This work is the only, authoritative account of Benson's life and contribution to American, naval success during WWI. As first Chief of Naval Operations, it, largely fall to Benson to prepare the navy for entry into the First, World War. Klachko's extensive notes go far beyond a mere, descriptive account of Benson's life and offer and insightful, perspective into British and American Naval Policy and competition, and during the first three decades of the 20th century.


       Over 70% of this collection consists of photocopies. Correspondence, manuscripts, documents, notes, reports, photographs and printed material. The papers are almost entirely made up of her research notes for her biography of William Benson. The material covers all aspects of his life, including his early naval career, his tenure as Chief of Naval Operations, and his Chairing of the U.S. Shipping Board. The cataloged correspondence are mainly replies to Klachko's request for information about Benson, the naval and political milieu of the aerly 20th century, and help to publish, review and edit her growing manuscript.

Among the cataloged correspondence are: Norman Angell; Walter Lippmann; Edward House; and Eleanor Roosevelt. The cataloged manuscript of the biography of Benson is bound in five parts.

Catalogued Series


1  Angell, (Sir) Norman

1  Bracken, Brendan Rendall, Viscount

1  Burke, Arleigh Albert

1  Chatfield, Ernie Montacute Chatfield, 1st Baron, 1873-1967

1  Clinton, Bill

1  Eller, Ernest McNeill

1  Geddes, (Lady) Isabella Gamble

1  Hoover, Herbert Clark

1  House, Edward

1  Killearn, Miles Wedderburn, Baron

1  Lippmann, Walter

1  Oliver, (Sir) Henry Francis

1  Pratt, William V.

1  Roosevelt, Eleanor (Mrs. Franklin D.)

1  Shotwell, James T.

1  Willert, (Sir) Arthur

1  Wiseman, (Sir) William

1  Woodward, (Sir) (Ernest) Llewellyn


1  Admiral William Shepherd Benson: First Chief of Naval Operations: Parts 1 and 11

2  Admiral William Shepherd Benson: First Chief of Naval Operations: Parts lll and lV

3  Admiral William Shepherd Benson: First Chief of Naval Operations


3  Bush, George

Arranged Series


7  Akademiya Nauk, USSR.

4  Allard, Dean C.

4  Albion, R.G.

4  American Embassy - London

4  Atkinsin, James

4  Balfour Papers

4  Baruch, Bernard M.

4  Benson, Admiral F. W.

4  Benson, H. W.

5  Benson, Commodore Howard H. J. Benson
             June 10, 1955 - 1973
       5 folders

5  Benson Biography - Opinion of Readers

5  Bilbie, W.C.

5  Bradford, James C.

5  Braisted, William R.

6  Bremmer, I.A.D.

6  British Admiralty

6  British Foreign Office

6  British Humor

6  British Museum

6  British Navy Staff

6  Brooks, Rosemary

6  Broome, D.M.

6  Browning Papers

6  Canadian Information

6  Carnegie Papers

6  Cavalcante, Bernard

6  Churchill, Winston

6  Columbia University Library. Special Collections

6  Columbia University Press

6  Costello, Daniel

6  Custer, Ben Scott

6  Daniels, Jonathan

6  Dartmouth House

6  Davidson, John Wells

6  Department of Navy - Naval Historical Center

6  Department of State

6  Donald, David

6  Doyle, Sandy

6  Eldridge, Dan

6  Elibank, Arthur (Lord)

6  Eller, Admiral E. M.

7  Ellis, John Tracy

7  Encyclopedia of World War I

7  Federal Archives and Record Center

7  Fitzhardings, L.F.

7  French Archives

7  Fox, William

7  Galway, E.

7  Gateswood, Richard Duncan

7  Gill, Rowland P.

7  Grayson Papers

7  Hankey Papers/Pollen Papers

7  Harbough, William H.

7  Harvard University

7  Hayes, Barbara

7  Hazard, John N.

7  Heinl, R.D.

7  Heyes, Clair

7  Hone, Thomas

7  Hooper Edwin B.

7  Hoover, Herbert

7A  Hughes Papers

7A  Ingersoll, Rogall C.

7A  Jackson, Richard H.

7A  John, Harry

7A  Johnston, A.C.

7A  Kane, John R.H.

7A  Kaspi, Andre

7A  Kemp, P. K.

7A  Kerneck, Sterling

7A  King-Hall, (Sir) Stephen

7A  Klachko, Mary
     Letter of introduction by various people.

7A  Krafft, Mrs. H. F.

7A  Kraft, Mary B.

7A  Landau, Helmor

7A  Lewis, Michael A.

7A   Library of Congress

7A  Lloyd George Papers

7A  Longworth, Alice R.

7A  MacDonald, J. Kenneth

7A  MacInnes, J.

7A  Marder, A.

7A  Maywood, J.S.

7A  Milne, Taylor

7A  Ministry of Defence

7B  Miscellaneous letters from friends of Mary Klachko

7B  Mogenburg, Harm H.

7B  Morison, Elting E.

7B  Morrison, Jim

7B  Mouton & Co.

7B  Murrow, Edward R.

7B  National Archives

7B   Naval Historical Foundation

7B   Naval Institute Press

7B   Naval War College

7B  Navy League

7B  O'Connor, Cardinal

7B  Opperman, Herbert

7B  Parsons, Edward

7B  Philadelphia Navy Yard

7B  Princeton University

7B  Private collections

7B  Reynolds, P.A.

7B  Roskill, S.W.

7B  Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park

7B  Royal Military College of Canada

7B  Russell & Arnholy

7B  Sawada, Toshio

7B   Seymour, Charles

7B  Sears, J.W.

7B  Shiels, Margaret

7B  Singwell, John E.

7C  Sims Papers

7C  Stade, Dorothy

7C  Stanford University Library

7C  Steed, Wickham

7C  Steed, Mrs. Wickham

7C  Still, William N., Jr.

7C  Stuart, (Sir) Cambell

7C   Takeuchi, Tatsuji

7C  Townshend, Heather

7C  Train, Harold

7C  Trask, Daniel

7C  Trost, Admiral C.A.H.

7C   Wehmueller, Jackie

7C  U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences

7C  United States Naval Institute

7C  Wheeler, Gerald E.

7C  Henry White Papers

7C  Willert, Arthur

7C  Williams, Michael


8  William Shepherd Benson: First Chief of Naval Operations
     Note: Copy

   --Research Notes

9  American Fighting Naval Ships - Benson: Naval Exam Board Records
       Folders I-3

10  Benson: Naval Exam Board Records - Hearings
       Folders 4- 5

11  Merchant Marine - Undated American and English Papers

12  Illustrations (photocopies and repro's of photographs, some used in Benson's biography)

13  Research notes
        1852 - 1908

14  Research notes
        1909 - July 1914

15  Research notes
        August 1914 - June 1914

16  Research notes
        July 1915 - February 1916

17  Research notes
        March 1916 - November 1916

18  Research notes
        December 1916 - March 31, 1917

19  Research notes
        April 1917 - May 31, 1917

20  Research notes
        June 1917 - July 8, 1917

21  Research notes
        July 9, 1917 - August 30, 1917

22  Research notes
        September 1917 - October 19, 1917

23  Research notes
        October 20, 1917 - November 30, 1917

24  Research notes
        December 1917 - February 1918

25  Research notes
        March 1918 - May 1918

26  Research notes
        June 1918 - August 31, 1918

27  Research notes
        September 1918 - October 31, 1918

28  Research notes
        November 1918 - December 10, 1918

29  Research notes
        December 11, 1918 - December, 31, 1918

30  Research notes
        January 1 - 31, 1919

31  Research notes
        February - March 20, 1919

32  Research notes
        March 21 - April 30, 1919

33  Research notes
        May - July 10, 1919

34  Research notes
        July 11 - October 1919

35  Research notes
        November 1919 - February 1920

36  Research notes
        March - July 1920

37  Research notes
        August 1920 - April 1921

38  Research notes
        May - November 1921

39  Research notes
        December 1921 - 1924

40  Research notes
        1924 - 1967


41  Klachko, Mary
     Address at American Historical Associaltion and American Military Institute

41  Klachko, Mary
     Anglo-American Naval Relations Cooperation or Competition?

41  Klachko, Mary
     Dissertation outline and adstract

   --Topical Files

41  Admirals of the New Navy: Makers of American Naval Traditions, 1886-'93

41  British Humour

41  Burke, Admiral Arleigh

41  Columbia University Mementos

41  Biographical Notes re. Mary Klachko

41  Mary Klachko's organizational membership

41  Photocopies of articles which mention Mary Klachko

42  Photographs and Clippings