Society for the Prevention of Crime Records
1878-1973


Finding Aid Prepared by Henry Rowen
August 2002


Date Range: 1878-1973
Size of Collection: 31 linear ft. (66 boxes & 8 oversize volumes and folders)
Date of Acquisition: Gift of the Society, 1980
Material on Microfilm: No material on microfilm
Terms of Access: Available for faculty, students, and researchers engaged in scholarly or publication projects.
Restrictions on Use or Access: Permission to publish materials must be obtained in writing from the Librarian for Rare Books and Manuscripts.
Location in Stacks: In sequence
Processing Information: Processed by Henry Rowen, September 1980
RLIN ID: NYCR89-A828

BIOGRAPHY

       The Society for the Prevention of Crime was founded in 1877 in New York City. It has worked, successively for the promotion of temperance for judicial and legislative reform and for public and legal education. During its most active periods the Society brought about the formation of the Lexow Committee to investigate the New York City Police in 1894 contributed to the Albany Crime Commission during the 1930s and broadcast popular radio programs on criminal behavior 1946-1948. In 1948 the Society absorbed the Vocational Foundation Bureau a job placement agency for parolees. Since 1956 the Society's only activity has been its annual grant to Columbia Law School for research in penology.

SCOPE AND CONTENT

       Papers of the Society, including correspondence among the officers and directors of the Society, memoranda, reports, legal papers, minutes, financial records, radio scripts, clippings, scrapbooks, comic books, and a subject file of pamphlets and clippings on all aspects of crime prevention. Also, an extensive history of the Society.


CATALOGED CORRESPONDENCE

1  Allen, Frederick Lewis
     

1  Baldwin, Roger Nash
     

1  Battle, George Gordon
     

1  Belmont, Eleanor Robson
     

1  Bernays, Edward L.
     

1  Biddle, Francis
     

1  Blanshard, Paul
     

1  Bliss, Cornelius Newton, Jr.
     

1  Braden, Spruille
     

1  Burlingham, Charles Culp
     

1  Caniff, Milton
     

1  Canner, Carl Lamson
     

1  Choate, Joseph Hodges, Jr.
     

1  Cortelyou, George Bruce
     

1  Crowther, Bosley
     

1  Damrosch, Walter
     

1  Davis, Noah
     

1  Dewey, Thomas Edward
     

1  du Pont, Pierre Samuel
     

1  Ellin, Stanley
     

1  Farrar, John Chipman
     

1  Field, Marshall
     

1  Finley, John Huston
     

1  Flagler, Harry Harkness
     

1  Fosdick, Harry Emerson
     

1  Harlan, John
     

1  Hogan, Frank Smithwick
     

1  Holmes, John Haynes
     

1  Holt, Hamilton
     

1  Hoover, John Edgar
     

1  Howe, Louis McHenry
     

1  Impellitteri, Vincent H.
     

1  Isaacs, Stanley Myer
     

1  Jerome, William Travers
     

1  Johnson, Alvin Saunders
     

1  Kinsey, Alfred Charles
     

1  Kirchwey, George Washington
     

1  La Guardia, Fiorello Henry
     

1  Lehman, Herbert Henry
     

1  Lewisohn, Sam A.
     

1  Lexow, Clarence
     

1  Lukas, Paul
     

1  McAneny, George
     

1  McCall, Edward Everett
     

1  McCay, Winsor Zenic
     

1  Mannes, Marya
     

1  Manning, William Thomas
     

1  Markel, Lester
     

1  Marshall, Margaret
     

1  Morgenthau, Henry
     

1  Moses, Robert
     

1  Odell, Benjamin Barker
     

1  Parkhurst, Charles Henry
     

1  Parsons, Herbert
     

1  Prendergast, William A.
     

1  Pulitzer, Ralph
     

1  Riis, Jacob August
     

1  Rockefeller, John Davison, 3d.
     

1  Rustin, Bayard
     

1  Schieffelin, William Jay
     

1  Schwab, Charles M.
     

1  Shulman, Irving
     

1  Slicer, Thomas Roberts
     

1  Smith, Alfred Emanuel
     

1  Straus, Nathan
     

1  Sulzberger, Arthur Hays
     

1  Van Doren, Irita Bradford
     

1  Wald, Lillian D.
     

1  White, Horace
     


GENERAL FILES

2 - 5  Letters to Frank Moss, 1890-1902
Correspondence between Samuel Marcus and Howard Clark Barker, and others, 1913-1920
Correspondence of Howard M. Bassett, George Drew Egbert, George F. Hammond, Henry N. Pringle, Samuel Marcus, Harry Sussman and others; reports, clippings, etc., 1923-1940
Correspondence of Paul Bianshard, Benjamin M. Day, Edwin J. Lukas, and others; reports, press releases, etc., 1941-1950

6 - 9  File of Bernhard K. Schaefer: correspondence, reports, accounts, etc. (including the Vocational Foundation Bureau and "A history of the Society for the Prevention of Crime." [1969] by Paul W. Rishell & Albert E. Roraback, 113


ADMINISTRATION

10  Annual reports
        1920-1949

10  Board of Directors; Board of Trustees. Correspondence
        1937-1953

11  Certificate of incorporation - typescript copies

11  Committees
        1946-1951

11  Constitution and by-laws
        1923-1942

11  Dexter bequest - correspondence
        1914-1936

     Note: Henry Dexter, 1813-1910, philanthropist and President of the American News Company, made a bequest to the Society in his will which was contested on behalf of his daughter - legal papers, 1910-1936

12  Dexter bequest - printed legal briefs and other documents
        1910--1936

12  Executive Committee
        1945-1951

12  Expansion plans
        1941-1949

13  Minutes
        1909-1934

14  Minutes
        1924-1952

15  Minutes
        1942-1952

16  Minutes - The City Vigilance League of New York
--Board of Trustees
--Executive Committee
--General Committee
        1895-1898

17  Plan and Scope Committee
        1933-1941

17  Staff applications
        1937-1950

Oversize no. 6  Whitney, David J.
     Memorial Volume
        1892


ESSAY CONTEST

17  "The best program of practicable steps to reduce law-breaking in New York City"
        1926


FINANCIAL

18  Account books
        1877-1946

Oversize no. 2  Account book
        1935-1941

19   Account book, 193l-19
Accounts, 1922-1935
Auditor's reports, 1912-1954

20  Banks, 1941-1954
Budget, 1951
Insurance record, 1935-1939
Investment Committee, 1925-1953
--Green, Ellis & Anderson, 1936-1945
--J. & W. Seligman & Co., 1943-1953
Receipts, 1938-1940
S.P.C.. Holding Company, 1905-1953
Stock certificates (blank book), 1932
Taxes, 1936-1955
Treasurer's reports, 1946-1954
Misc., l928-1944


PARKHURST, C. H. 1824-1933


Note: Pastor of the Madison Square Presbyterian Church, was President of the Society from 1891 to 1908 and a leader in the reform movement in New York City politics. A memorial to him was proposed for Madison Square but was never built

21  Parkhurst Testimonial
        1894

21  Parkhurst Luncheon
        1922

21  Parkhurst Memorial - correspondence, reports, clippings, photos, etc.
        1928-1936

22  Parkhurst Memorial - correspondence, etc.
        1935-1941

22  The New Yorker articles on Parkhurst
        1955


PUBLICITY

22  Fund raising
        1940-1951

22  Projects
        1945-1949

22  Radio promotions
        1948-1950

22  Releases
        l943-1949


RADIO PROGRAMS

23  Crime--causes and prevention
        12 September 1946

23  Criminal casebook
        1948

23  American Broadcasting Company
        1945-1949

23  Convict releases
        1945-1949

23  Critical comments
        1945-1949

24  Criminal casebook
--Prospects
--Publicity
--Requests for aid
--Scripts 1-10 & 13
--Sources - criminal & psychiatrist
        1948

25  I was a convict
--Correspondence with convicts, releases, case histories, scripts, etc.; A - G
        1945-1949

26  I was a convict: Correspondence, etc.: H

27  I was a convict:
--Correspondence, etc.: P - W
--Maxwell, Robert, Associates (Producer)
--Miscellaneous
--Publicity
--Receipts
--Scripts, Jan. - March 1946 & [n.d.]

28  I was a convict
--Scripts: April 1946 - June 1947
--Sponsors


SCRAPBOOKS

Oversize no. 3  Compiled by Edwin Jay Lukas
        1888-1948

Oversize no. 4  Compiled by Edwin Jay Lukas
        1941-1947

Oversize no. 5  Compiled by Edwin Jay Lukas
        1947-1950


SUBJECTS

29  Acceptance of offenders by the armed forces
        1940-1942

29  Adolescent girls
        1939-1947

29  Adolescent treatment clinic
        1941-1948

29  Alcoholism
        1938-1950

29  Alien enemy material
        1941-1942

29  Armed forces. See: Acceptance of offenders by the armed forces

29  Armed services criminality
        1944-1946

30   Albany Crime Conference
        1931-1938

31  Behavior problems & children's institutions
        1946-1950

31  Bail
        1941

31  Bibliographies
        1944-1951

31  Brownsville Boys Club
        1943-1949

32  Capital punishment. See: Murderers & capital punishment Cartoons

Oversize no. 7  Cartoons

32  Cases; A - R
        1896-1951

33  Cases: S - Y & misc.
        1932-1950

34  Child adoption legislation
        1939-1951

35  Child labor
        1942-1949

35  Children. See: Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children

35  Children. See; War & children

35  Children's Court
        1938-1949

35  Children's institutions. See: Behavior problems & children's Inst.

35  Civil Service
        1941-1944

35  Civil rights
        1949

35  Civil rights. See also: Race

35  Comic books. See: Motion pictures, magazines

35  Correction & penal institutions (1)
        1932-1945

36  Correction & penal institutions (2)
        1946-1950

36  Court interpretations. See: Legislation & court interpretations

36  Courts
        1941-1951

36  Courts. See: Children's Court

36  Courts. See: Youth Court

36  Courts; Brooklyn County Clerk's Office - annual report (County Court)
        1940

37  Crime & delinquency
        1932-1951

37  Crime & delinquency: other countries
        1933-l949

37  Crime causation. See: Popular concepts of crime causation

37  Crime statistics. See; Delinquency & crime statistics

37  Criminology
        1934-1949

37  Delinquency. See; Crime & delinquency

37  Delinquency & crime statistics
        l939-l946

39  Delinquency & crime statistics (2)
        1947-1951

40  Delinquency, unofficial (non-statistical)
        1943

40  Detention
        l939-1950

41  Detention facilities (1)
        1938-1946

42  Detention facilities (2)
        1947-1951

42  Drugs
        1936-1939

42  Education (1)
        1938-1944

43  Education (2)
        1945-1950

44  Egbert, George Drew
     Sermons
        1935-1936

     Note: G.D. Egbert was President of the Society from 1933 to 1940 and Pastor of the First Congregational Church, Flushing, NY

44  Foster home care
        1946-1949

44  Foundations
        1943

44  Gambling (1)
        1906-1934

45  Gambling (2)
        1935-1955

45  Gang activities
        1943-1951

46  Government
        1931-1939

46  Guidance clinics
        1949

47  Health
        1943-1949

47  Housing
        1937-1950

48  Legislation & court interpretations
        1941-1951

49  Lexow Committee: Minutes, Vol. 2 & Vol. 1
-- "Investigations of the Police Department and other departments of the city of New York by a committee of the Senate; 1894; Vol. II; Frank Moss of Counsel for Committee"
-- "Lexow Committee's original minutes; Vol. IV; 1894"

50  Marriage and divorce
        1947-1950

50  Mental deficiency
        1938-1950

50  Miscellaneous
        1901-1950

50  Motion pictures, magazines, radio, comics in relation to delinquency (includes many comic books)
        1938-1948

51  Motion pictures, magazines, radio, comics ... (2)
        1947 & 1948

52  Motion pictures, magazines, radio, comics (3) (includes the censorship trial of The Amboy Dukes by Irving Shulman)
        1949-1950

52  Murderers & capital punishment
        1939-1949

52  Narcotics
        1938-1951

52  New York City. Juvenile Aid Bureau. See: "Politics and children"

52  New York State. See: Albany Crime Conference

52  New York State. Legislature. Senate. Committee on the Police Department of the city of New York. See: Lexow Committee

52  Pari-mutual legislation
        l938-1940

52  Parole. See: Probation & parole

52  Parolees. See: Problems of prisoners & parolees

52  Penal institutions. See: Correction & penal institutions

52  Planned parenthood
        1941-1946

53  Police
        1945-1951

53  Police. See also: Lexow Committee "Police and children" -a study of New York City's Juvenile Aid Bureau
        1949

53  Popular concepts of crime causation
        1946-1949

53  Population statistics
        1939-1948

53  Post war planning
        1942-1951

54  Preventive measures
        1942-1951

55  Probation & parole
        1936-1951

55  Problems of prisoners & parolees
        1942-1949

56  Prostitution
        1923-1951

57  Psychiatric cases & notes (1)
        1928-1945

58  Psychiatric cases & notes (2)
        1946-1950

59  Race discrimination amendment
        1944-1950

59  Race prejudice (l)
        1941-1947

60  Race prejudice (2)
        1948-1950

60  Race prejudice. See also: Civil rights

60  Rackets
        1933

60  Radio
        1944-1948

60  Radio. See also: Motion pictures, magazines, radio

61  Recreation & nursery care
        1940-1949

61  Religion
        1940-1949

61  Sex education
        1943-1949

61  Sex offenders (1)
        1935-1946

62  Sex offenders (2)
        l947-1950

62  Shulman, Irving
     The Amboy Dukes See: Motion pictures

62  Social action
        1941-1950

62  Social work (1)
        1935-1947

63  Social work (2)
        1948-1949

63  Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
        1900-1942

63  Treatment programs
        1939-1951

63  Venereal disease
        l939-l948

64  Vocational education
        1935-1948

64  War & children
        1942-1944

64  War criminals
        1942-1949

64  Welfare societies
        1937 & 1938

64  Youth
        1940-1949

65  Youth correction authority
        1940-1949

65  Youth Court (1)
        1919-1941

66  Youth Court (2)
        1942-1951


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

1  Original order of the subject headings:

1. Crime & delinquency - general
2. Crime & delinquency - other countries
3. War criminals
4. Armed services criminality
5. Murderers & capital punishment
6. Gang activities
7. Adolescent girls
8. Prostitution
9. Sex deviates (sex offenders)
10. Alien enemy material
11. Gambling
12. War & children
12-A. Youth
12-B. Child labor
13. Unofficial delinquency
14. Narcotics
15. Alcoholism
16. Health
17. Venereal disease
18. Mental deficiency
19. Motion pictures, magazines, radio, comics in relation to delinquency
20. Race prejudice
21. Race discrimination amendment
22. Religion
23. Preventive measures
24. Treatment programs
25. Education
26. Sex education
27. Vocational education
28 Planned parenthood
29. Recreation & nursery care
30. Housing
31. Social work
32. Foster home care
33. Radio
34. Foundations
35. Post war planning
36. Youth correction authority
37. Courts
38. Youth Court
39. Children's Court
40.
41. Correctional & penal institutions
42. Detention
43. Detention facilities
44. Probation & parole
45. Problems of prisoners & parolees 46. Behavior problems & children's institutions
47. Bail
48. Criminology - general
49. Psychiatric cases & notes
50. Civil Service
51. Population statistics
52. Delinquency & crime statistics
53. Popular concepts of crime causation
54. Police
55. Social action
56. Civil rights
57. Marriage and divorce
58. Miscellaneous
59. Guidance clinics

Some officers of the Society who appear in the correspondence:

Frank Moss [Counsel 1887-1908; President 1908-1909]
Charles Henry Parkhurst [President 1891-1908]
Samuel Marcus [Counsel 1908-1936]
Charles E. Bruce [President 1909-1921]
S. Edward Young [President 1921-1927]
Howard Clark Barber [Superintendent -1932; Director 1925-1932, 1936-1939]
William Jay Schieffelin [President 1927-1933]
Albert E. Roraback [Vice-President 1926-]
Howard M. Bassett
George P. Hammond [Superintendent 1932-1935]
George Drew Egbert [President 1933-1940]
Henry N. Pringle [Investigator; Superintendent]
Harry Sussman [Investigator]
Lionel J. Freeman [Superintendent 1935-1937]
J. Edward Lumbard [Counsel 1937-]
Benjamin M. Day [President 1940-1942]
Paul Blanshard [Ex Secretary 1941/1942]
George H. Sibley President 1942-1948]
Edwin Jay Lukas [Ex Secretary 1943-1950; Ex Director 1950]
Clarence O. Dimmock [Counsel 1943-]
Bernhard K. Schaefer [President 1948-]
K. Brent Woodruff [Ex Director, 1950/1951]