In Totem und Tabu, a study in cultural anthropology and
psychoanalysis, Freud made use of Sir James Frazer's The Golden Bough to
theorize about early human culture. He believed that the Oedipus complex was at
the root of civilization's originwhen, Freud asserted, a dominant patriarch was
slain and eaten by a primal horde.
Freud gave the manuscript of part II, sections 3 and 4, to his Hungarian
disciple Sandor Ferenczi. After Ferenczi's death his family held the manuscript,
which was nearly destroyed in 1945 when the family home caught fire during the
Soviet capture of Budapest. The manuscript later passed to Ferenczi's literary
executor, Dr. Michael Balint, whose son, Dr. John Balint, later donated it to
the Health Sciences Library.