"[T]he Emperor is the state." (p. 79, v. 1). This often-cited line
eloquently summarizes Hozumi's view of the state. According to him there are two
forms of state (kokutai), monarchical and democratic, depending on the bearer of
sovereignty, and two forms of government (seitai), absolute and constitutional.
The kokutai is eternal while the seitai is not. "In a society," he claimed,
"there is from the start a heaven-sent leader." Within that framework, Japan's
millenary imperial lineage constituted the "unbroken monarchical state. Hozumi's
conservative views conformed to the intent of the constitution's authors, and
helped him reach an influential position in academia as well as in the
government. As with most prominent scholars of the time, Yatsuka Hozumi studied
law in Germany for several years. Upon his return to Japan, he taught at the
Imperial University of Tokyo from 1889 until his death in 1912. Kenpō
Teiyō is considered his most important work. The book displayed is the
second edition of the original published in 1910.