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Web Sources for:

Evidence-based Policy & Practice

Model Programs (Best Practices)

Practice Guidelines

Systematic Reviews

Related Conferences

Clearinghouses/Dissemination Groups

Descriptions of web sites are either direct quotes or adaptations from those provided on the respective sites.

Last Updated January 2004

·       Evidence-based Policy & Practice

  • Agency for Health Care Research  & Quality - Home  (home) & (EBP)

    • AHRQ is the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality—the Nation's lead Federal agency for research on health care quality, costs, outcomes, and patient safety.
  • Canadian Centres for Health Evidence

  • Centre for Clinical Effectiveness, Monash Institute of Public Health

(follow links to "Evidence Reports")

  • Centre for Evidence-based Medicine, University of Toronto

    • The goal of this website is to help develop, disseminate, and evaluate resources that can be used to practise and teach EBM for undergraduate, postgraduate and continuing education for health care professionals from a variety of clinical disciplines.
    • This site also serves as a support for the book entitled, Evidence-based Medicine: How to practice and teach EBM by David L. Sackett, Sharon E. Straus, W. Scott Richardson, William Rosenberg, and R. Brian Haynes.

·         Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Oxford University

o       A resource for the practice of evidence-based medicine

  • Centre for Evidence-based Mental Health

    • Promoting and supporting the teaching and practice of evidence based mental healthcare. The Centre is located in the Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford.
  • Centre for Evidence-Based Social Services (CEBSS)
    • CEBSS  is jointly funded by The Department of Health and a consortium of Social Services Departments in the South West of England with the main aim of ensuring that decisions taken at all levels in Social Services are informed by trends from good-quality research. CEBSS is based at the University of Exeter and is part of the Peninsula Medical School.

·         Evidence-Based Health Informatics, McMaster University, Health Information Research Unit

o       The Health Information Research Unit (HIRU) at McMaster University conducts research in the field of health information science and is dedicated to the generation of new knowledge about the nature of health and clinical information problems, the development of new information resources to support evidence-based health care, and the evaluation of various innovations in overcoming health care information problems.

  • Evidence-based Healthcare Toolbox

    • This site supports the book: Gray, J. A. M. (2001). Evidence-based healthcare (2 ed.). New York: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Evidence-Based Medical Practice (Université Laval)

  • Evidence-Based Medicine: Finding the Best Clinical Literature by Jo Dorsch, Library of the Health Sciences - Peoria, University of Illinois at Chicago

    • This guide is designed to assist health care professionals and students become effective and efficient users of the medical literature.
  • Evidence-Based Medicine Tool Kit

  • Evidence-Based Medicine: What it is and What it isn’t

    • This site provides an article which is based on an editorial from the British Medical Journal on 13th January 1996 (BMJ 1996; 312: 71-2) by David L Sackett, William MC Rosenberg, JA Muir Gray, R Brian Haynes, W Scott Richardson.
  • Evidence based policy & practice (EPPI-Centre), University of London, Institute of Education, Social Science Research Unit

    • The Social Science Research Unit, directed by Professor Ann Oakley,  is a research centre at the University of London Institute of Education. It was established in October 1990 with a remit to develop a programme of policy-relevant work in the broad areas of education and health. It is resourced both from central Institute of Education funds and from research grants. The Unit's research programme covers health, education and welfare, and employs a range of both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Unit staff have national and international reputations in their fields of expertise. In addition to descriptive analytic and experimental evaluations of social interventions, SSRU is also highly involved in research synthesis to inform policy and practice of social interventions and in building research capacity in this area. This programme of work is located in the EPPI-Centre which has three inter-linked streams of work: Health promotion:research and dissemination of information relating to the evaluation of health promotion interventions; Education:a centre for evidence informed policy and practice in education; User involvement:investigating the generation and the use of evidence of effectiveness as seen by people using health and education services.
  • Evidence-based Practice Centers for synthesizing scientific evidence to improve quality and effectiveness in health care

    • Under the Evidence-based Practice Program of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (formerly the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research—AHCPR), 5-year contracts are awarded to institutions in the United States and Canada to serve as Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPCs). The EPCs review all relevant scientific literature on clinical, behavioral, and organization and financing topics to produce evidence reports and technology assessments. The EPCs also conduct research on methodologies and the effectiveness of their implementation, and provide technical assistance in translating the reports and assessments into quality improvement tools and in helping to inform coverage policies.
  • Evidence-Based Practice for the Helping Professions

    • The information contained in this website appears in: Gibbs, L. (2003). Evidence-Based Practice for the Helping Professions: A Practical Guide with Integrated Multimedia, Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/ Cole an Imprint of Wadsworth Publishers. This site provides additional resources for the book.
  • Evidence Network

    • The Focus Point for Evidence Based Policy and Practice Research in the UK. A starting point for accessing social science research publications relevant to policy and practice. Open to users in the research community, the voluntary sector, local and central government, public agencies and commercial organizations providing search tools and a referral framework to enable users to pursue their enquiries.  A forum for debate and discussion of issues and problems in relation to evidence-based policy.
  • Therapeutics Initiative (University of British Columbia)

    • The Therapeutics Initiative has been established in 1994 by the Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics in cooperation with the Department of Family Practice at the University of British Columbia to provide physicians and pharmacists with up to date, evidence based, practical information on rational drug therapy. The Initiative is an independent organization, which is at arms length from government, pharmaceutical industry and other vested interest groups.

Model Programs & Best Practice Dissemination

  • SAMHSA Model Programs

    • SAMHSA Model Programs featured on this site have been tested in communities, schools, social service organizations, and workplaces across America, and have provided solid proof that they have prevented or reduced substance abuse and other related high-risk behaviors. Programs included have been reviewed by SAMHSA's National Registry of Effective Programs (NREP). This Web site serves as a comprehensive resource for anyone interested in learning about and/or implementing these programs. The programs pertain to mental health and substance abuse.
  • State Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices – Bridging Science and Service, NIMH RFA

    • The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) have entered into a partnership to promote and support implementation of evidence-based mental health treatment practices into state mental health systems.  NIMH seeks to enhance the research agenda of state mental health systems by focusing on activities that yield knowledge about the most effective and feasible methods for implementing evidence-based practices into state clinical practice settings.  SAMHSA seeks to provide direct support to states and localities that are ready and committed to adopting evidence-based practices.  This Request for Applications (RFA), issued on August 16, 2002, is designed to accomplish both objectives.

Practice Guidelines

  • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality - Clinical Practice Guidelines

    • AHRQ is the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality—the Nation's lead Federal agency for research on health care quality, costs, outcomes, and patient safety.
  • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality - Preventive Services (USPSTF & PPIP)

    • Access to scientific evidence, recommendations on clinical preventive services, and information on how to implement recommended preventive services in clinical practice.
  • Alberta Clinical Practice Guidelines Program (Alberta Medical Association)

  • Canadian Coordinating Office for Health Technology Assessment (CCOHTA)

  • Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care

  • Cancer Care Ontario Program in Evidence-Based Care - Information for Practitioners  (follow links to "Information for Practitioners")

    • The Program in Evidence-Based Care (PEBC) bridges the gap between high quality cancer care research and current clinical care options by: developing evidence-based care information for patients, families, and health care providers maintaining the quality and currency of resources ensuring the availability and accessibility of resources disseminating and evaluating resources.
  • Catalan Agency for Health Technology Assessment (CAHTA)

    • The mission of the CAHTA is to promote the production and utilisation of scientific knowledge to improve the prevention of diseases, and to improve the health and quality of life of the Catalan population. This mission involves two objectives: to encourage the introduction, adoption, diffusion and utilisation of health technologies according to proven scientific criteria of efficacy, safety, effectiveness and efficiency, while promoting the needs assessment and equity analysis in the delivery and financing of health care services; to promote research oriented to the health and health care services needs of the population, and also to the knowledge needs of the health care system itself.
  • Centers for Disease Control Recommends (Prevention Guidelines System)

·         The Prevention Guidelines System contains up-to-date and archived guidelines and recommendations approved by the CDC for the prevention and control of disease, injuries, and disabilities.

  • CMA Infobase: Clinical Practice Guidelines

    • This site provides access to clinical practice guidelines in health developed by Canadian organizations. These guidelines are produced or endorsed in Canada by a national, provincial/territorial or regional medical or health organization, professional society, government agency or expert panel.
  • Health Evidence Bulletins (Wales)

·         The Health Evidence Bulletins - Wales act as signposts to the best  evidence across a broad range of evidence types and subject areas. Where information from randomised controlled trials is available it is included.  However, many health issues do not lend themselves easily to investigation, or have not yet been studied, by this method.  In these cases, high quality evidence has been sought from observational and other studies. 

  • Health Services Technology Assessment Texts (HSTAT)

(link to NLM's statement on copyright status )

    • Health Services/Technology Assessment Text is a searchable collection of large, full-text clinical practice guidelines, technology assessments and health information.
  • International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment (INAHTA)

·         Many organizations throughout the world assess healthcare technology. There is an evident need to cooperate and share information from different cultures. INAHTA serves this purpose. Established in 1993, INAHTA has now grown to 39 member agencies from 20 countries. The Network stretches from North and Latin America to Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. The Secretariat is located at SBU in Sweden.

  • New Zealand Guidelines Group

    • The New Zealand Guidelines Group leads a movement towards the delivery of high quality health and disability services throughout New Zealand through a change in culture based on evidence and effectiveness.NZGG sets the standard for an evidence-based approach by:  sharing information and knowledge about evidence-based information and effective practice initiatives;  establishing strong collaborative networks in the process of guideline development and implementation; training clinicians, providers, consumers and researchers to find and assess evidence and adopt an evidence-based approach; disseminating information about and fostering the development of expertise in guideline development and implementation; providing trusted, impartial, expert assessment of New Zealand and international best practice guidelines; facilitating the development of Centres to support evidence-based activities.  

Systematic Reviews

  • Campbell Collaboration (C2)

o       The international Campbell Collaboration (C2) is a non-profit organization that aims to help people make well-informed decisions about the effects of interventions in the social, behavioral and educational arenas. C2's objectives are to prepare, maintain and disseminate systematic reviews of studies of interventions. C2 acquires and promotes access to information about trials of interventions. C2 builds summaries and electronic brochures of reviews and reports of trials for policy makers, practitioners, researchers and the public. C2-RIPE ( ) will contain systematic reviews that are produced by collaborators, and provide synopses, criticisms and comments on the review (if any). The synopses and reviews will be written for a broad audience such as researchers, policymakers, practitioners and the public. The reviews are of studies in education, social welfare, and crime & justice.

  • Canadian Cochrane Network and Centre (CCN/C) 

  • Centre for Clinical Effectiveness, Monash Institute of Public Health 

(follow links to "Evidence Reports")

  • Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD)

    • The Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) was established in January 1994 to provide the United Kingdom National Health Service (NHS) with important information on the effectiveness of treatments and the delivery and organisation of health care. CRD, by offering rigorous and systematic reviews on selected topics, a database of good quality reviews, a dissemination service and an information service, helps to promote research based practice in the NHS. Within the NHS R&D programme, CRD is a sibling organisation of the UK Cochrane Centre. The UK Cochrane Centre is part of an international network, the Cochrane Collaboration, committed to preparing, maintaining and disseminating systematic reviews of research on the effects of health care. CRD plays an important role in disseminating the contents of Cochrane reviews to the NHS.
  • Cochrane Collaboration

o       Preparing, maintaining and promoting the accessibility of systematic reviews of the effects of health care interventions. The Cochrane Collaboration focuses on preparing, maintaining and promoting the accessibility of systematic reviews of the effects of health care interventions. Abstracts of systematic reviews are available to the general public on the web site. The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is available to those individuals and institutions paying a subscription fee (Columbia University provides free access to students and faculty).

  • DARE

    • The UK National Health Service Centre for Reviews and Dissemination
      located at the University of York, England provides this Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects.
  • National Coordinating Centre for Health Technology Assessment (NCCHTA)

(follow links to "Publications")

  • National Health Services Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (NHS CRD)

  • Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health Care (SBU)

·         SBU shall promote the rational utilization of health care resources. Toward this end, SBU shall assess the clinical, economic, social, and ethical implications of both new and established medical technologies in Sweden.  SBU, assisted by external experts, shall review and synthesize data on selected medical technologies. These assessments shall be disseminated at the central, local, and clinical levels to help make decisions which promote the efficient delivery of high quality care throughout Sweden. SBU assessments of medical technologies shall present scientific information and findings in clear and common terms to health service providers and other parties. SBU shall document how assessment information is applied and its influence on the healthcare system. SBU shall monitor national and international studies and their outcomes, and shall serve as a national and international contact point in matters relating to medical technology assessment.

Clearinghouses & Dissemination Groups

Clinical Practice Guidelines

  • Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care

    • This website is designed to serve as a practical guide to health care providers, planners and consumers for determining the inclusion or exclusion, content and frequency of a wide variety of preventive health interventions, using the evidence-based recommendations of the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (CTFPHC)*. Their health professional’s resource links provides additional links to clinical practice guidelines & recommendations, evidence reports and systematic reviews, and evidence based medicine resources.
  • Canadian Medical Association Clinical Practice Guidelines Infobase

  • National Coordinating Centre for Health Technology Assessment (NCCHTA)

(follow links to "Publications")

  • National Electronic Library for Health, National Health Service, United Kingdom

    • The role of the NeLH is to provide health care professionals and the public (through NHS Direct Online and the New Library Network) with knowledge and know-how to support health care related decisions. This site provides extensive access and links to practice and knowledge information including practice guidelines and evidence-based policy and practice materials.
  • National Guideline Clearinghouse™ (NGC)

    • The National Guideline Clearinghouse™ (NGC) is a comprehensive database of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and related documents produced by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) (formerly the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research [AHCPR]), in partnership with the American Medical Association (AMA) and the American Association of Health Plans (AAHP). The NGC mission is to provide physicians, nurses, and other health professionals, health care providers, health plans, integrated delivery systems, purchasers and others an accessible mechanism for obtaining objective, detailed information on clinical practice guidelines and to further their dissemination, implementation and use. Key components of NGC include: Structured abstracts (summaries) about the guideline and its development; A utility for comparing attributes of two or more guidelines in a side-by-side comparison; Syntheses of guidelines covering similar topics, highlighting areas of similarity and difference; Links to full-text guidelines, where available, and/or ordering information for print copies; An electronic forum, NGC-L for exchanging information on clinical practice guidelines, their development, implementation and use; Annotated bibliographies on guideline development methodology, implementation, and use.
  • National Health and Medical Research Council, Government of Australia

    • Since 1937 the Council has played a pivotal role in providing independent, strong advice on all aspects of health and health care delivery in Australia. This is done by managing the complementary functions of funding health and medical research, providing ethical guidance on health and medical research issues, and providing health advice. The latter is done by publishing guidelines, information papers and pamphlets on a range of health issues throughout the health and general communities, drawing on the best of expert advice and ensuring that the published advice is both current and relevant for the Australian community. It is directed by Professor Alan Pettigrew.
  • New Zealand Guidelines Group

    • The New Zealand Guidelines Group leads a movement towards the delivery of high quality health and disability services throughout New Zealand through a change in culture based on evidence and effectiveness. The NZGG is an independent, not-for-profit organisation set up to promote effective delivery of health and disability services, based on evidence.
  • New Zealand Health Technology Assessment Clearinghouse for Health Outcomes and Health Technology Assessment (NZHTA)

  • Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN)

    • The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) was formed in 1993. Our objective is to improve the quality of health care for patients in Scotland by reducing variation in practice and outcome, through the development and dissemination of national clinical guidelines containing recommendations for effective practice based on current evidence.
  • U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Critically Appraised Research Articles & Dissemination Groups

  • Bandolier

    • Bandolier is a print and Internet journal about health care, using evidence-based medicine techniques to provide advice about particular treatments or diseases for healthcare professionals and consumers. The content is 'tertiary' publishing, distilling the information from (secondary) reviews of (primary) trials and making it comprehensible.  The impetus behind Bandolier was to find information about evidence of effectiveness (or lack of it), and to put it forward as simple "bullet-points" of those things that worked and those things that didn't. The problem is that a simple bullet point is insufficient to get across much in the way of information, so we decided on an eight-page A4 format. Information was to come from systematic reviews of the literature, from Effectiveness Bulletins from York, from randomised controlled trials and from high quality case-control, cohort or observational studies.  first issue of Bandolier was published in February 1994, and has been monthly since then. Every issue is available, full text, and free of charge. Each month PubMed and the Cochrane Library are searched for systematic reviews and meta-analyses published in the recent past. Those that look remotely interesting are read, and where they are both interesting and make sense, they appear in Bandolier.
  • Clinical Efficacy Assessment Project of the American College of Physicians-American Society of Internal Medicine

    • CEAP is administered by the Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee (CEAS) and by the staff of the Scientific Policy Department of the ACP-ASIM. Choosing a topic for a clinical practice guideline is the first step in the CEAP process. Evidence reports commissioned by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR) and generated by Evidence-based Practice Centers are the basis of our guidelines. These comprehensive evidence reports are systematic literature reviews and are available to the public. The goal is to provide clinicians with a clinical practice guideline based on the best evidence available; to make recommendations based on that evidence; to inform clinicians of when there is no evidence; and finally, to help them deliver the best health care possible. Their journal Effective Clinical Practice is at: .
  • Evidence-based Healthcare

    • Evidence-based Healthcare provides health managers and policy makers with the best evidence available about the financing, organization and management of healthcare. For each issue of the Journal key articles are selected from over 70 of the most authoritative and respected journals in the field and reviewed in the form of a structured abstract and expert commentary. The concise and easy to read format presents the most essential, relevant and practical information, in a form easy to assimilate and understand. Evidence-based Healthcare covers the following types of studies: evaluations of financing and organisation of healthcare; evidence-based patient and public choice; health economics; health technology assessment; managing healthcare; promotion of evidence-based clinical practice; public health policy; purchasing.

·         Netting The Evidence

o       A ScHARR Introduction to Evidence Based Practice on the Internet  As described on the web site: “Netting the Evidence is intended to facilitate evidence-based healthcare by providing support and access to helpful organisations and useful learning resources, such as an evidence-based virtual library, software and journals.”

  • Promising Practices Network (PPN)

    • This research in practice website has five aims: to bring busy child care practitioners, managers and planners information about and access to good sources of research evidence; to support them in making judgements about the best use of that research; to assist their efforts to become more evidence based in their services for children and families; to provide information about research in practice, its aspirations, working methods and work in progress; to enable members of the wider public, including children and families, to have access to a range of good evidence and sources of more information. RIP a partnership between The Dartington Hall Trust, The Association of Directors of Social Services, The University of Sheffield with over 60 participating English local authorities and voluntary child care organizations.
  • Social Care Institute for Excellence (SCIE)

    • SCIE is an independent organisation created in response to the British government drive to improve quality in social care services across England and Wales. Knowledge about what works in social care does exist, but it is often localised, patchy and seldom widely shared. A large part of SCIE's job is to gather and interpret this knowledge, and make it readily accessible to anyone who wants to use it, so that knowledge contributes to positive practice and policy change.

o       ELSC  is an electronic library for social care maintained by SCIE. This site enables social care practitioners and managers to: have access to the best available research; learn the skills needed to understand and critically appraise research; have the tools to ensure that practice is based on solid evidence about what works.

o       CareData which is produced by SCIE supports management and practice through extensive abstracting of relevant social work and social care literature. It contains over 50,000 summaries of books, central and local government reports, research papers, and publications of voluntary organisations, and articles from a wide range of journal titles - academic, research, practice and news-orientated. The database covers UK, North American and other English-language resources. It is a tool to social care professional or researcher.

Meta-Search Engines

  • TRIP (Turning Research Into Practice)

    • The TRIP Database searches over 75 sites of high-quality medical information. The TRIP Database gives you direct, hyperlinked access to the largest collection of 'evidence-based' material on the web as well as articles from premier on-line journals such as the BMJ, JAMA, NEJM etc.

Conferences & Proceedings

  • Evidence: Its Meanings in Health Care and in Law
    • In April 2000, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) hosted an expert meeting, "Evidence: Its Meanings and Uses in Law, Medicine and Health Care," to explore the differences in how scientists, clinical practitioners, judges, legal scholars, and juries interpret and use evidence. Participants included attorneys, judges, legal researchers, policymakers, physicians, and health services researchers. As the participants in the workshop came to realize, the concept and attributes of "evidence" depends on where one sits. Although time-honored legal and medical science interpretations of "evidence" were recognized, it was also acknowledged that the legal system and the health care system would each benefit from sustained efforts of mutual education of practitioners from both fields. A Special Issue of the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, entitled Evidence: Its Meanings in Health Care and in Law, was dedicated to thoughtful and provocative discussions of how "evidence" is defined and used in medicine and the law. The issue answers such questions as: How are courts dealing with clinical practice guidelines? How can the courts' use of medical evidence improve health care? How do privacy concerns fit into the evidence debate? Electronic versions of the articles are provided at this site.
  • National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors Research Institute, Inc.

    • 12th Anniversary Conference On State Mental Health Agency Services Research, Program Evaluation and Policy: Moving Towards Evidence-Based Systems of Care February 10-12, 2002
  • New York State Office of Mental Health Best Practices Conference Videos

    • This 2001 institute combined an opportunity for participants to learn about the current thinking on evidence-based practices with audience feedback on key challenges facing public mental health authorities and others who seek to implement and integrate these in routine mental health settings. Videos of presentation are available at this site.
  • Symposium on evidence-based practice in child protection
    • Symposium on evidence-based practice in child protection, a symposium on evidence-based practice in child protection was held on Tuesday 28, November in Brisbane. The symposium was jointly hosted by Families, Youth and Community Care Queensland, (FYCCQ) and the Department of Social Work and Social Policy at the University of Queensland (UQ).
  • University of Tampere, Finland, 4th International Conference on Evaluation for Practice

    • Papers pertaining to evidence-based policy and practice as well as evaluation research.


  • Curriculum, Evaluation, and Management Centre (CEM)

    • The CEM Centre is committed to applying the best standards of science to the development and evaluation of policies. Since the ALIS project started in 1983, we appear to have become the largest provider of performance indicators to schools and colleges in the world, through the distributed research projects that are listed overleaf. We also run the biennial conference Evidence-Based Policies And Indicator Systems, an international andmulti-disciplinary conference, first held in July 1997 at the University of Durham. This conference is part of our commitment to developing evidence-based practice, as is our work for an Evidence-Based Education Network in which schools, colleges and LEAs share good evidence as to policies that work. We have undertaken research with many government agencies to develop, test and evaluate policies, most recently the Value Added National Project in England.
  • Picker Institute Europe (National Research Corporation USA)

    • The Picker Institute works with health care providers throughout Europe using scientifically validated instruments and rigorous survey methodologies to evaluate the quality of their services and provide them with actionable feedback. It also carries out research and educational activities on healthcare quality improvement and methods for promoting patient-centred care. The National Research Corporation is the US affiliate.