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The primary course texts are:

  • Littell, J.H., Corcoran, J. & Pillai, V. (2008). Systematic reviews and meta-analysis. New York: Oxford Univeristy Press.
  • Petticrew, M., & Roberts, H. (2005). Systematic reviews in the social sciences: A practical guide. Oxford: Blackwell.

The primary course software:

  • Review Manager (RevMan) is the software used for preparing and maintaining Cochrane reviews. You can use RevMan for protocols and full reviews. It is most useful when you have formulated the question for the review, and allows you to prepare the text, build the tables showing the characteristics of studies and the comparisons in the review, and add study data. It can perform meta-analyses and present the results graphically. RevMan 5 was released on 14 March 2008 (updated to 5.0.14 on 2 July 2008). Download RevMan 5 RevMan is accessible with documentation at no charge from: .Instuctions and training materials designed to help those planning Cochrane/Campbell systematic reviews can be found at . Also training materials can be found on the Open Learning site at: .
  • Borenstein, M., & Rothstein, H. (2006). Comprehensive metaAnalysis: A computer program for research synthesis. Englewood, NJ: . Biostat, Inc. A free trial download is available. A lite copy may be purchased for $95 . Download the order form as a Word document .Download the order form as a PDF file

Additional references include:

  • Cooper, H. & Hedges, L.V. (Eds). (1994). The handbook of research synthesis. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
  • Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. Undertaking systematic reviews of research on effectiveness: CRD's guidance for those carrying out or commissioning reviews. CRD Report 4 (2nd edition). March 2001. Available online at:
  • Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.0.0 [updated February 2008]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2008. Available at: (older versions available at: ). The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions is the official document that describes in detail the process of preparing and maintaining Cochrane systematic reviews on the effects of healthcare interventions. The current version of the Handbook is 5.0.0 (available in full in browseable format only). A Glossary is available to accompany the Handbook. The current version of the Glossary is 4.2.5. The full Handbook is scheduled to be published in book form by Wiley in late 2008.
  • Hunter, J., & Schmidt, F. (2004). Methods of Meta-Analysis (2 ed.): Sage.
  • Lipsey, M. W. & Wilson, D. B. (2001) Practical Meta-Analysis. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
  • Mullen, E. J. (2006). Choosing outcome measures in systematic reviews: Critical challenges. Research on Social Work Practice, 16(1)
  • National Health Service Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. (2000). Undertaking systematic reviews of research on effectiveness. York, England: University of York. (Available at:
  • Shadish, W. R., Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. Boston: Houghton MIfflin Company. Chapter 13.
  • William Shadish web site for links to psychotherapy meta-analyses, single subject meta-analyses, meta-anaysis software, effect size calculator .