Under Review

Merz, E.C., Tottenham, N., Noble, K.G. (under review). Socioeconomic Disparities in Amygdala Volume Differ Across Development and are Associated with Internalizing Symptoms.

Ursache, A. Merz, E.C., Meyer, J., & Noble, K.G. (under review). Socioeconomic Status, Hair Cortisol and Internalizing Symptoms in Parents and Children.

Brito, N.H., Piccolo, L.R., and Noble, K.G. (under review). Associations between Cortical Thickness and Neurocognitive Skills During Childhood Vary by Family Socioeconomic Factors.

In Press

Merz, E.C. and Noble, K.G.(in press) Neural development in context: Differences in neural structure and function associated with adverse childhood experiences. Handbook of Early Childhood Development. 

Piccolo, L.R., and Noble, K.G. (in press). How can poverty shape children’s brains? Insights from a cognitive neuroscience perspective. Handbook of Infant Mental Health.


Piccolo, L.R.*, Merz, E.C.*, He, X., Sowell, E.R., & Noble, K.G., Pediatric Imaging, Neurocognition, Genetics Study (2016). Age-related Differences in Cortical Thickness Vary by Socioeconomic Status. PLoS One, 11(9): e0162511. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0162511 [PDF]

Ursache, A. & Noble, K.G. for the Pediatric Imaging, Neurocognition, and Genetics Study. (2016). Socioeconomic Status, White Matter Development, and Executive Function in Children. Brain and Behavior, e-published prior to print: 1-13. e00531, doi: 1.1002/brb3.531 [PDF]

Melvin, S.A., Brito, N.H., Fifer, W.P., Elliott, A., & Noble, K.G. (2016). Home environment, but not socioeconomic status, is linked to differences in early phonetic perception ability. Infancy. 1-14. [PDF]

Brito, N.H., Fifer, W.P., Myers, M.M., Elliott, A.J., & Noble, K.G. Associations among Family Socioeconomic Status, EEG Power at Birth, and Cognitive Skills During Infancy. (2016). Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 19, 144-151. [PDF]

Merz, E., Halle, K., Noble, K.G., & McCall, R. (2016). Executive Function in Post-Institutionalized Children. Child Development Perspectives, 10(2), 105-110. [PDF]

Johnson, S.B., Riis, J.L., & Noble, K.G. (2016). State of the Art Review: Poverty and the Developing Brain. Pediatrics. 137(4). [PDF]

Ursache, A. & Noble, K.G. (2016). Neurocognitive development in socioeconomic context: Multiple mechanisms and implications for measuring socioeconomic status Psychophysiology, 53, 71–82. [PDF]


Ursache, A., Noble, K. G., & Blair, C. (2015). Socioeconomic status, subjective social status, and perceived stress: associations with stress physiology and executive functioning. Behavioral Medicine41(3), 145-154. [PDF]

Noble, K.G., Houston, S.M., Bartsch, H., Kan, E., Kuperman, J.M., Akshoomoff, N., Amaral, D.G., Bloss, C.S., Libiger, O., Schork, N.J., Murray, S.S., Casey, B.J., Chang, L., Ernst, T.M., Frazier, J.A., Gruen, J.R., Kennedy, D.N., Van Zijl, P., Mostofsky, S., Kaufmann, W.E., Keating, B.G., Kenet, T., Dale, A.M.,  Jernigan, T.L., & Sowell, E.R. for the Pediatric Imaging, Neurocognition, and Genetics Study. (2015). Family income, parental education and brain development in children and adolescents. Nature Neuroscience, 18, 773-778. [PDF]

Noble, K. G., Engelhardt, L. E., Brito, N. H., Mack, L. J., Nail, E. J., Angal, J., Barr, R., Fifer, W.P. & Elliott, A. J. (2015). Socioeconomic disparities in neurocognitive development in the first two years of life. Developmental Psychobiology.[PDF]

Pavlakis, A., Noble, K., Pavlakis, S.G., Ali, N, & Frank, Y. (2015). Brain imaging and electrophysiology biomarkers: Is there a role in poverty and education outcome research? Pediatric Neurology, 52, 383-388. [PDF]


Brito, N.H. & Noble, K.G. (2014). Socioeconomic status and structural brain development. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8, 276. [PDF]

Noble, Kimberly G. (2014) Rich Man, Poor Man: Socioeconomic Adversity and Brain Development. Cerebrum. [link] [PDF]


Noble, K. G., & Farah, M. J. (2013). Neurocognitive consequences of socioeconomic disparities: The intersection of cognitive neuroscience and public health [Preface]. Developmental Science, 16(5), 639-640. PMID: 24033569 [PDF]

Noble, K. G., Korgaonkar, M. S., Grieve, S. M., & Brickman, A. M. (2013). Higher education is an age-independent predictor of white matter integrity and cognitive control in late adolescence. Developmental Science,16(5), 653-664. PMCID: PMC3775010 [PDF]


Noble, K. G., Grieve, S. M., Korgaonkar, M. S., Engelhardt, L. E., Griffith, E. Y., Williams, L. M., & Brickman, A. M. (2012). Hippocampal volume varies with educational attainment across the life-span. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 1-10. PMCID: PMC3494123 [PDF]

Noble, K. G., Fifer, W. P., Nomura, Y., Rauh, V. A., & Andrews, H. (2012). Academic achievement varies with gestational age among children born at term. Pediatrics, 130(2), e257-e264. PMCID: PMC3408682 [PDF]

Noble, K. G., Houston, S., Kan, E., Bookheimer, S. Y., & Sowell, E. R. (2012). Neural correlates of socioeconomic status in the developing human brain. Developmental Science, 15(4), 516-527. PMID: 22709401 [PDF]

*Noble, K. G., *Duch, H., Landers, C., & Rodriguez, C. (2012). Getting Ready for School: A school readiness intervention directed at parents. Child Development Research. [PDF]

Ginsburg, H. P., Duch, H., Ertle, B., & Noble, K. G. (2012). How can parents help their children learn math? In B. H. Wasik & B. Van Horn (Eds.), Handbook of Family Literacy. New York: Routledge Press. 51-65. [PDF]


Noble, K. G., McCandliss, B. D., & Farah, M. J. (2007). Socioeconomic gradients predict individual differences in neurocognitive abilities. Developmental Science, 10(4), 464-480. PMID: 17552936 [PDF]

Farah, M. J., Noble, K. G., & Hurt, H. (2007). The developing adolescent brain in socioeconomic context. In D. Romer & E. Walker (Eds.), Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain (373-387). New York: Oxford University Press.


Noble, K. G., Wolmetz, M. E., Ochs, L. G., Farah, M. J., & McCandliss, B. D. (2006). Brain-behavior relationships in reading acquisition are modulated by socioeconomic factors. Developmental Science, 9(6), 642-654. PMID: 17059461 [PDF]

Noble, K. G., Farah, M. J., & McCandliss, B. D. (2006). Socioeconomic background modulates cognition-achievement relationships in reading. Cognitive Development, 21(3), 349-368. PMCID: PMC2752890 [PDF]


Noble, K. G., Tottenham, N., & Casey, B. J. (2005). Neuroscience perspectives on disparities in school readiness and cognitive achievement [in volume School Readiness: Closing Racial and Ethnic Gaps]. Future of Children, 15(1), 71-89. [PDF]

Noble, K. G., Norman, M. F., & Farah, M. J. (2005). Neurocognitive correlates of socioeconomic status in kindergarten children. Developmental Science, 8(1), 74-87. PMID: 15647068 [PDF]

Noble, K. G., & McCandliss, B. D. (2005). Reading development and impairment: Behavioral, social, and neurobiological factors. Journal of Development and Behavioral Pediatrics, 26(5), 370-378. PMID: 16222178 [PDF]

Farah, M. J., Noble, K. G., & Hurt, H. (2005). Poverty, privilege, and brain development: Empirical findings and ethical implications. In J. Illes (Ed.), Neuroethics: Defining the Issue in Theory, Practice, and Policy. New York: Oxford University Press.

Farah, M. J., & Noble, K. G. (2005). Socioeconomic influences on brain development: A preliminary study. In U. Mayr, E. Awh, & S. Keele (Eds.), Developing Individuality in the Human Brain: A Tribute to Michael I. Posner (189-208). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Press.


Flowers, D. L., Jones, K., Noble, K., VanMeter, J., Zeffiro, T. A., Wood, F. B., & Eden, G. F. (2004). Attention to single letters activates left extrastriate cortex. Neuroimage, 21(3), 829-839. PMID: 15006649 [PDF]


McCandliss, B. D., & Noble, K. G. (2003). The development of reading impairment: A cognitive neuroscience model. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 9(3), 196-204. PMID: 12953299 [PDF]


Joseph, J., Noble, K. G., & Eden, G. (2001). The neurobiological basis of reading. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 34(6), 566-579. PMID: 15503571 [PDF]


Noble, K. G., Glosser, G., & Grossman, M. (2000). Oral reading in dementia. Brain and Language, 74(1), 48-69. PMID: 10924216 [PDF]

* Denotes equal contributions by the authors

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