The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the nation's preeminent learned society and a research institution, has elected 177 Fellows and 30 Foreign Honorary Members to the 2002 class. This class includes a United States Senator and Representative, four college presidents, three Nobel Prize winners, six Pulitzer Prize winners, three MacArthur Fellows and six Guggenheim fellows. Senator Edward M. Kennedy, former Senator Warren Rudman, violinist Itzhak Perlman, Academy Award winner Anjelica Huston, author and physician Oliver Sacks, National Medal Of Science For Research On Mental Illness recipient Nancy C. Andreasen, and Nobel Prize winning chemist George Olah are among this year's new Fellows.
Ten Columbia University scholars have been elected to join the 2002 class. They are Mark Cane, Vetlesen Professor of Earth Climate Science; Ann Douglas, professor of English and comparative literature; psychology professor Carol S. Dweck; Robert A. Ferguson, George E. Woodberry Professor of Law and English and Comparative Literature; William V. Harris, William R. Shepherd Professor of History; architecture professor Steven Holl; philosophy professor Philip S. Kitcher; Herbert Pardes, psychiatry professor and president of New York Presbyterian Hospital; religion professor Wayne Proudfoot , and James S. Polshek, architecture professor and former Dean of the School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation.
The selection of Foreign Honorary Members continues the tradition of honoring distinguished experts and intellectuals from outside the United States whose work complements the values of the American Academy. This year's class include novelist Milan Kundera; Nobel Prize winning author Kenzaburo Oe; Lord Anthony P. Lester, president of the International Centre for the Legal Protection of Human Rights; and Fritz W. Scharpf, director of the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
"The Academy is pleased to welcome these outstanding and influential individuals to the nation's most illustrious learned society. Election to the American Academy is the result of a highly competitive process that recognizes those who have made preeminent contributions to all scholarly fields and professions," said Academy President Patricia Meyer Spacks. Leslie C. Berlowitz, the Academy's Executive Officer, added, "The American Academy is unique among America's academies for its breadth and scope. Throughout its history, the Academy has gathered individuals with diverse perspectives to participate in studies and projects focusing on advancing intellectual thought and constructive action in American society."
New Fellows and Foreign Honorary Members are nominated and elected by current members of the Academy. Members are divided into five distinct classes: I) mathematics and physics; II) biological sciences; III) social sciences; IV) humanities and arts; and V) public affairs and business. The unique structure of the American Academy allows Members to conduct interdisciplinary studies that draw on the range of academic and intellectual disciplines.
The Academy was founded in 1780 by John Adams, James Bowdoin, John Hancock and other scholar-patriots "to cultivate every art and science which may tend to advance the interest, honor, dignity, and happiness of a free, independent, and virtuous people." The Academy has elected as Fellows and Foreign Honorary Members the finest minds and most influential leaders from each generation, including George Washington and Ben Franklin in the 18th century, Daniel Webster and Ralph Waldo Emerson in the 19th, and Albert Einstein and Winston Churchill in the 20th. The current membership includes more than 150 Nobel laureates and 50 Pulitzer Prize winners. Drawing on the wide-ranging expertise of its membership, the American Academy conducts thoughtful, innovative, non-partisan studies on international security, social policy, education, and the humanities.
This year's election maintains the Academy's practice of honoring intellectual achievement, leadership, and creativity in all fields. David Kessler, former head of the Food and Drug Administration and dean of the School of Medicine at Yale; writers Larry McMurtry and Grace Paley; economist and former National Economic Adviser to President Clinton Laura D'Andrea Tyson; Hector Garcia-Molina, chair of the department of computer science at Stanford University; New York Times Editorial Board member Tina Rosenberg; Lawrence Sullivan, director of the Center for the Study of World Religions at Harvard Divinity School; Pulitzer Prize winning author and historian David Levering Lewis; Lee Shulman, president of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching; and businessman Leonard Lauder are also among the Fellows elected in 2002. Click for a full list of new Members.
The Academy will welcome this year's new Fellows and Foreign Honorary Members at the annual Induction Ceremony at the Academy's headquarters in Cambridge, Massachusetts on October 5, 2002.