Columbia University announces the naming of its distinguished War and Peace Institute in honor of industrialist and diplomat Arnold A. Saltzman, renewing its focus on programs devoted to the study of conflict and resolution. The new Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies recognizes the Saltzman family's longstanding leadership and generous support of Columbia as well as Mr. Saltzman's personal achievements in the international sphere. Two new Saltzman professorships reflect the Institute's expanding role in bridging scholarship and practice.
"At a time when issues of war and peace are a daily concern," said President Lee C. Bollinger, "the naming of the Saltzman Institute and the creation of the Saltzman professorships demonstrate Columbia's determination to play a role in supporting the resolution of critical international issues. We are deeply grateful to Arnold Saltzman and the Saltzman family for making this renewed commitment possible."
Columbia founded The Institute of War and Peace Studies in the wake of World War II to promote understanding of the "disastrous consequences of war upon man's spiritual, intellectual and material progress." Since the Institute's inception, researchers have gone beyond the military aspects of international relations to probe the political, economic, moral, psychological, legal, historical and philosophical dimensions of war and peace.
"The Institute of War and Peace Studies was established over 50 years ago by Dwight D. Eisenhower, who was then president of Columbia University," said Arnold Saltzman. "That it will forever carry our name is a distinct honor bestowed by Columbia on me and my family."
Saltzman shared his vision of the future of the Institute: "No bugles blow for peace -- and peace is not simply the absence of war," he said. "There is no mechanism in our government to wage peace, to look beyond immediate crises and plan for a peaceful future. This Institute can help move us in that direction. And Columbia, whose sons participated in the formation of this nation, is a most appropriate home for these endeavors."
The Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies will nurture research in a growing number of fields, including military and security studies, international conflict resolution and preventive diplomacy. Pursuing a broader mandate, it will also foster dialogue between scholars and statesmen, academics and activists, and professors and policymakers.
The renamed Institute will continue to be based in Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA). "The School thrives at the juncture of world-class interdisciplinary scholarship and real-world problems and problem-solvers," explained SIPA Dean Lisa Anderson. "We are delighted to recognize Arnold Saltzman's contributions both to the University and to national and international public policy by associating his name with one of Columbia's oldest and most distinguished research centers. This will ensure that the Institute will continue to draw together leading scholars and practitioners from across the University and around the world to address some of the most pressing issues of our time."
The University also has established two Saltzman professorships, the first held by the Institute's director, Richard K. Betts. Betts is a political scientist and a leading scholar on contemporary military and security issues. The second chair will allow distinguished practitioners to come to Columbia as visiting professors to teach, conduct research and otherwise bring the wisdom born of real-world experience to Institute programs.
On March 31, Columbia inaugurated The Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies in a ceremony featuring remarks by SIPA Dean Lisa Anderson, Arnold Saltzman, and Senator George Mitchell, senior fellow at Columbia's Center for Conflict Resolution, who has received the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his achievements as chair of peace negotiations in Northern Ireland. As the first Saltzman Professor of War and Peace Studies, Richard Betts delivered a lecture, entitled "Three Visions of the Future of International Security," at the event.
Saltzman, who graduated from Columbia College in 1936, has served the United States under five presidents in a wide range of policy-level diplomatic and economic assignments in Eastern Europe, Latin America and within the United States. He also served as a naval officer in World War II. He was recently awarded the Order of Honor from the Republic of Georgia, and he has received a Presidential Commendation for his efforts on the International Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
A devoted Columbia alumnus, Saltzman has served as chairman of the Columbia College Board of Overseers, the Columbia College Fund, the John Jay Associates and other bodies. He is co-founder of the Double Discovery Program, which assists under-achieving minority high school students to rise to college entrance, and he helped create the first advisory board for the School of International and Public Affairs, of which he is still a member. He and his wife, Joan, have two sons who attended Columbia College, Robert CC'67, and Eric CC '69, and a daughter, Marian.