The RCSS was established in 2014 with an endowment provided by Harvey Krueger (CC '61, Law '64). Our intention is to bring together students and faculty around issues involving science, service, and subjectivity. The proper study of such issues requires that all participants know what they are seeing, even if what they see is altogether new to them. We have found that this is difficult, but possible. As Rabbi Heschel says: "Our sight is suffused with knowing, instead of feeling painfully the lack of knowing what we see. The principle to be kept in mind is to know what we see rather than to see what we know." (Heschel, A. J., "The Prophets, an Introduction," Harper Torchbooks, 1962, p. xi.)
The RCSS has its roots in the Center for the Study of Science and Religion, which began in AY99-00 with a startup grant from the office of the Provost. The idea for it emerged from a confluence of two events, one personal and the other political. I had just agreed to give the Schoff Lectures for The University Seminars on a topic of my choice. I chose to consider my own religious life as a scientist in those lectures, which have since been published by Columbia University Press as “The Faith of Biology and The Biology of Faith”. In that decision, I saw that I needed a place for further discussion, and so I decided to create the CSSR for that purpose.

The political reason went back more than a century. My wife Amy’s great-grandmother had owned a large farm in what is now Slovakia. This farm was appropriated first by Hungarian fascists in the Anschluss when the region was called the Slovak Republic, then by the Nazis in World War II, then by the Soviets with the establishment of the Czech Soviet Socialist Republic in 1945. With the fall of the Soviet Union and the division of the C.S.S.R. into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the early 1990s, I was determined to capture some recognition of our family’s lost connection to that farm. So in picking the name for my center, I chose one that carried the same initials as the Soviet satellite, the C.S.S.R. Try googling either CSSR or C.S.S.R., and you will get the CSSR first and then, only very much thereafter, the Czech Soviet Socialist Republic.

The CSSR has undertaken many adventures in its short history. These have given it many shapes and addresses, as one door has opened or another closed. Some of these doors have been physical links to neighboring institutions and centers, while others have been more abstract portals, bringing the CSSR to many different ways of pondering the intersection of the natural world with the difficult task of knowing how to act well in any given situation.

The CSSR’s first location outside of the Department of Biological Sciences was a set of desks in a big room in Low Library. At various times thereafter it was linked to and located in the Department of Religion, the Martin Luther King building of The Riverside Church, Knox Hall of The Union Theological Seminary, and the Hogan Hall offices of the Earth Institute.

With Earth Institute affiliation came a capacity to put up our own CSSR website, to offer a novel series of public CSSR seminars and symposia, and to create field-work programs with neighboring communities. In that period the Earth Institute made it possible for the CSSR to bring on board Cynthia Peabody as Associate Director and Miranda Hawkins as Administrator. Their work, and their mentoring of our many student interns, maintained the CSSR for many years, and led to our website’s archive of public events, including a number of broadly interdisciplinary, well-attended symposia.

Beginning in AY14-15, the CSSR relocated from the Earth Institute to the Center for Science and Society, where it has been assigned a place as a Research Cluster. In order to keep at least a symbolic link to the CSSR, this new configuration has given us the name “Research Cluster on Science and Subjectivity,” or RCSS.

All RCSS programs will be co-created with student interns and volunteers, and managed by them, as in the CSSR’s initial years. The differences from 1999 will be large, however.

Our student programs will be funded from the gifts of friends. Most wonderfully, among these gifts is an endowment from Harvey Krueger College ’51, Law ’54. The yield from that endowment has supported our students in their work and it will continue to do so in the future.

RCSS student projects already underway will continue speak to the ways that I have myself changed in the past fifteen years, taught as I have been by my colleagues and my students, to think self-reflectively about my own priorities in asking that initial question that forms the agenda of the CSSR: if scientific data cannot answer the question of what is the good and the right thing to do in any given situation, where else but by inward self-reflection can the answer be found?

I opened this essay with a story of the CSSR’s origins in the history of what was the late and unlamented C.S.S.R. Let me close with a quote from Vaclav Havel, the first President of the post-Soviet Czech Republic, from his 1979 book, “The Power of the Powerless.”

“A genuine, profound, and lasting change for the better – as I shall attempt to show – can no longer result from the victory (were such a victory possible) of any traditional political conception, which can ultimately be only external, that is, a structural or systemic conception. More than ever before, such a change will have to derive from human existence, from the fundamental reconstitution of people in the world, their relationships to themselves and to each other, and to the universe.”
Your support of the Research Cluster on Science and Subjectivity helps us to fulfill our mission to reconsider the large question - is the natural normative? - from both scientific and subjective perspectives, and to examine the social, medical and political implications of our current inability to reach a single answer. Donations to the RCSS will help us to bring innovative new programs, seminars, speakers and projects to you through our interdisciplinary, inter-school, collaborative forum.

If you have any questions about donations or would like more information about how you can help support the CSSR, please email the Director, Professor Robert Pollack.

To donate by mail, please send donations checks made out to RCSS at Columbia University to:

RCSS c/o Professor Robert Pollack Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, MC: 2419 New York, NY 10027

Contributions to the RCSS are deductible for income tax purposes. Thank you again for your support!